Re: heads up
Thread moved over to bug-hurd since it's about design and not Debian
GNU/Hurd per se. Alfred Szmidt had pointed out that a dpkg
installation translator (one where you copy a .deb into a directory to
install it into the system) cannot be easily written, because Debian
package installation scripts are sometimes interactive.
I said that this was a deficiency in the design of the Hurd, and that
it would be good to fix it (ultimately) by creating user interaction
context widgets which can be passed to servers so that they can safely
and securely interact with the user when necessary.
"Alfred M. Szmidt" <email@example.com> writes:
> > *wink* how do you purpose to somehow get some kind of interactive
> > input from the user when you do a file-system call?
> This is a shortcoming in the design of the Hurd (gasp!).
> I think you mean that it is a shortcoming in the design of things that
> are not or cannot be interactive, filesystems being one such example.
> I can see it infront of me: stat() poping up a dialog asking me to do
> something each time it gets called...
No, it's a shortcoming in the design of the Hurd, because many times
it *can* be interactive. Of course we don't want stat prompting you
ever time it's called, but that's not an excuse for preventing stat
from ever prompting you at all. We use all kinds of programs that can
be interactive, and needless prompts are bugs, easily fixed.
Please, don't lecture me about the Hurd being perfect; it's not. And
this is a shortcoming that can someday be fixed, so we shouldn't
pretend it's not a problem. It is.
A friend at the AI lab once gave the following dream as an example of
a well-functioning system:
You walk up to the workstation and start a complex memory intensive
ray-tracing program. It runs out of memory and swap space on the
workstation. A dialog pops up informing you of the situation and
giving several options: suspend the job until later, kill it, and so
forth. (Notice that Unix and the Hurd both simply kill the process or
the system here, because the discovery that swap is gone happens so
low down that all context has been lost.)
You put a disk in the drive. After putting the disk in, without you
doing anything in the dialog, a new option comes up, "I notice you
just put a disk in; do you want to use this for additional swap?" You
say yes. The process now continues, with part of the swap being on
the disk. (Notice that Unix and the Hurd don't make connections like
this, having one driver know that something *else* in the system might
be waiting for this resource and offering it for use.)
In the middle of the task, you hit the button on the drive and out
pops the disk. A notifier pops up on the screen, saying that the
necessary swap for your process has been removed from the system, and
so the job has been suspended until later, and giving you the option
of killing it. You say "OK" (that is, you do not say to kill it), and
then you log out. (Note that Unix and the Hurd cannot carry on at all
in such a case; failure to satisfy a page-in fault results in utter
disaster, not clean behavior. Also, neither control carefully which
data is paged to which devices, because all interaction context is
gone when pageout decisions are being made, so if you have started
paging on this disk, you have probably started paging all kinds of
essential system services on it too.)
A week later, you walk up to a different workstation in the cluster,
and pop in your disk. The system says, "I notice you have a suspended
job that was using this disk for swap space" and allows you to resume
it where you left off. (Notice that this requires close interaction
between the workstations in the cluster, combined with more
Now that's a well-functioning system. It requires careful bookkeeping
of context, knowledge about how to usefully interact with the user
from deep in the bowels of the system, and so forth. The Hurd has the
capacity for this kind of thing, because user servers can do arbitrary
things, unlike kernel routines in Unix. But we must figure out how to
give them all the necessary information about their context.
When I designed the filesystem protocols and the structure of the
system, I did not consider this kind of flexibility. I had only the
simplest kinds of filesystem translators in mind, ones which were just
like Unix filesystems but supporting formats like tar and ar in
addition to the typical mass-storage types. It was only a little
later that I realized union and shadow translators would be a nice
thing (and BSD picked up the idea after I explained it at a Boulder
BSD conference). Keeping track of who is using which swap space? Now
*that* would be clever, and would be very very nice to have.
The reason that filesystems do not have user context is because I was
not sufficiently far-sighted at the time to realize the full
flexibility of the translator concept I had created. Now that we know
more about that flexibility, it would be nice to start figuring out
how to improve it.