Re: Preferred Backup Method?
On Dec 5, 2007, at 8:12 AM, Michael Pobega wrote:
I'm trying to write a shell script to use tar for backups, but I
know; Which directories are nessecary to backup with tar and which
aren't? Obviously /bin, /usr, /home, /boot, /lib, /srv (Where I keep
all of my chroots) and /etc are, but are any of the other directories
mandatory to backup? Or are any of these directories fruitless to
The answer is, "it depends." How much custom configuration have you
done? How fast does the system need to be back in service?
For desktop machines that have basically stock installations, I often
only back up /home and /etc, plus maybe /var/www if the machine has a
web server. I don't see any point in using up space backing up
binaries that I can easily reinstall from the Debian CDs. But on a
system where I've built lots of local software or done lots of custom
scripting, backing up the binaries makes more sense.
Excluding /tmp and /var/tmp makes sense. So does excluding data
caches -- /var/cache/apt, your squid cache directory if you're
running squid, maybe even web browser caches if you're pinched for
space. On systems that run udev, backing up /dev is also fruitless,
although it doesn't really take up much space. And you should always
exclude /proc. It's not a "real" filesystem anyway.