Re: CGI Error
On Mon, 8 Dec 1997, Hamish Moffatt wrote:
> On Sun, Dec 07, 1997 at 11:29:08PM -0500, Paul Miller wrote:
> > Unfortunately that is the first thing... it runs on other systems, so I'm
> > clueless.. It wasn't able to run from the server cgi-bin, so I don't
> > think it is suEXEC's problem, but Apache's.
> Hmmm, ok, I apologise for getting a bit carried away about that.
> I tested it here on two systems (Solaris running from a web server
> running as me from my home directory) and Linux on the system
> web server, running Apache 1.1 and 1.2 respectively, perl 5.003
> and 5.004_02 respectively, and both were fine, although it's
> difficult to be absolutely sure without the corresponding
hmm.. I have Apache 1.3b3-4 and Perl 5.004.04-2 (Debian/hamm packages)
> What's suEXEC got to do with it? Perhaps that is a factor.
> I don't really know what it is, but I assume it lets you run
> setuid CGI programs or similar.
It's something new in 1.3 (I think) which allows 'safer' execution of cgi
scripts by users.
> So if you couldn't run it from the cgi-bin, how did you run it --
> name it .cgi and enable that in the Apache configs? Perhaps
> that part is the problem. Post your srm.conf?
I can run other cgi scripts, so that can't be the problem...
I attached my confs... hopefully they will reveal a quick & easy fix.
# access.conf: Global access configuration
# Online docs at http://www.apache.org/
# This file defines server settings which affect which types of services
# are allowed, and in what circumstances.
# Each directory to which Apache has access, can be configured with respect
# to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that
# directory (and its subdirectories).
# Originally by Rob McCool
# This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
# This may also be "None", "All", or any combination of "Indexes",
# "Includes", "FollowSymLinks", "ExecCGI", or "MultiViews".
# Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
# doesn't give it to you (or at least, not yet).
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks ExecCGI
# This controls which options the .htaccess files in directories can
# override. Can also be "All", or any combination of "Options", "FileInfo",
# "AuthConfig", and "Limit"
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
allow from all
# @@ServerRoot@@/cgi-bin should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
# Allow server status reports, with the URL of http://servername/server-status
# Change the ".your_domain.com" to match your domain to enable.
#deny from all
#allow from .your_domain.com
# There have been reports of people trying to abuse an old bug from pre-1.1
# days. This bug involved a CGI script distributed as a part of Apache.
# By uncommenting these lines you can redirect these attacks to a logging
# script on phf.apache.org. Or, you can record them yourself, using the script
#deny from all
#ErrorDocument 403 http://phf.apache.org/phf_abuse_log.cgi
# You may place any other directories or locations you wish to have
# access information for after this one.
# This is the main server configuration file. See URL http://www.apache.org/
# for instructions.
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do, if you are unsure consult the online docs. You have been
# Originally by Rob McCool
# ServerType is either inetd, or standalone.
# If you are running from inetd, go to "ServerAdmin".
# Port: The port the standalone listens to. For ports < 1023, you will
# need httpd to be run as root initially.
# HostnameLookups: Log the names of clients or just their IP numbers
# e.g. www.apache.org (on) or 184.108.40.206 (off)
# The default is off because it'd be overall better for the net if people
# had to knowingly turn this feature on.
# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
# httpd as root initially and it will switch.
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
# On SCO (ODT 3) use User nouser and Group nogroup
# On HPUX you may not be able to use shared memory as nobody, and the
# suggested workaround is to create a user www and use that user.
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# ServerRoot: The directory the server's config, error, and log files
# are kept in
# BindAddress: You can support virtual hosts with this option. This option
# is used to tell the server which IP address to listen to. It can either
# contain "*", an IP address, or a fully qualified Internet domain name.
# See also the VirtualHost directive.
# BindAddress *
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file. If this does not start
# with /, ServerRoot is prepended to it.
# TransferLog: The location of the transfer log file. If this does not
# start with /, ServerRoot is prepended to it.
# PidFile: The file the server should log its pid to
# Not all architectures require this. But if yours does (you'll know because
# this file is created when you run Apache) then you *must* ensure that
# no two invocations of Apache share the same scoreboard file.
# ServerName allows you to set a host name which is sent back to clients for
# your server if it's different than the one the program would get (i.e. use
# "www" instead of the host's real name).
# Note: You cannot just invent host names and hope they work. The name you
# define here must be a valid DNS name for your host. If you don't understand
# this, ask your network administrator.
#ServerAlias ns.3dillusion.com 3dillusion
# CacheNegotiatedDocs: By default, Apache sends Pragma: no-cache with each
# document that was negotiated on the basis of content. This asks proxy
# servers not to cache the document. Uncommenting the following line disables
# this behavior, and proxies will be allowed to cache the documents.
# Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out
# KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than
# one request per connection). Set to "Off" to deactivate.
# MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow
# during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount.
# We reccomend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.
# KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request
# Server-pool size regulation. Rather than making you guess how many
# server processes you need, Apache dynamically adapts to the load it
# sees --- that is, it tries to maintain enough server processes to
# handle the current load, plus a few spare servers to handle transient
# load spikes (e.g., multiple simultaneous requests from a single
# Netscape browser).
# It does this by periodically checking how many servers are waiting
# for a request. If there are fewer than MinSpareServers, it creates
# a new spare. If there are more than MaxSpareServers, some of the
# spares die off. These values are probably OK for most sites ---
# Number of servers to start --- should be a reasonable ballpark figure.
# Limit on total number of servers running, i.e., limit on the number
# of clients who can simultaneously connect --- if this limit is ever
# reached, clients will be LOCKED OUT, so it should NOT BE SET TOO LOW.
# It is intended mainly as a brake to keep a runaway server from taking
# Unix with it as it spirals down...
# MaxRequestsPerChild: the number of requests each child process is
# allowed to process before the child dies.
# The child will exit so as to avoid problems after prolonged use when
# Apache (and maybe the libraries it uses) leak. On most systems, this
# isn't really needed, but a few (such as Solaris) do have notable leaks
# in the libraries.
# Proxy Server directives. Uncomment the following line to
# enable the proxy server:
# To enable the cache as well, edit and uncomment the following lines:
#NoCache a_domain.com another_domain.edu joes.garage_sale.com
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, in addition to the default. See also the VirtualHost command
# VirtualHost: Allows the daemon to respond to requests for more than one
# server address, if your server machine is configured to accept IP packets
# for multiple addresses. This can be accomplished with the ifconfig
# alias flag, or through kernel patches like VIF.
# Any httpd.conf or srm.conf directive may go into a VirtualHost command.
# See alto the BindAddress entry.
# With this document, you define the name space that users see of your http
# server. This file also defines server settings which affect how requests are
# serviced, and how results should be formatted.
# See the tutorials at http://www.apache.org/ for
# more information.
# Originally by Rob McCool; Adapted for Apache
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
# UserDir: The name of the directory which is appended onto a user's home
# directory if a ~user request is recieved.
# DirectoryIndex: Name of the file or files to use as a pre-written HTML
# directory index. Separate multiple entries with spaces.
# FancyIndexing is whether you want fancy directory indexing or standard
# AddIcon tells the server which icon to show for different files or filename
AddIconByEncoding (CMP,/icons/compressed.gif) x-compress x-gzip
AddIconByType (TXT,/icons/text.gif) text/*
AddIconByType (IMG,/icons/image2.gif) image/*
AddIconByType (SND,/icons/sound2.gif) audio/*
AddIconByType (VID,/icons/movie.gif) video/*
AddIcon /icons/binary.gif .bin .exe
AddIcon /icons/binhex.gif .hqx
AddIcon /icons/tar.gif .tar
AddIcon /icons/world2.gif .wrl .wrl.gz .vrml .vrm .iv
AddIcon /icons/compressed.gif .Z .z .tgz .gz .zip
AddIcon /icons/a.gif .ps .ai .eps
AddIcon /icons/layout.gif .html .shtml .htm .pdf
AddIcon /icons/text.gif .txt
AddIcon /icons/c.gif .c
AddIcon /icons/p.gif .pl .py
AddIcon /icons/f.gif .for
AddIcon /icons/dvi.gif .dvi
AddIcon /icons/uuencoded.gif .uu
AddIcon /icons/script.gif .conf .sh .shar .csh .ksh .tcl
AddIcon /icons/tex.gif .tex
AddIcon /icons/bomb.gif core
AddIcon /icons/back.gif ..
AddIcon /icons/hand.right.gif README
AddIcon /icons/folder.gif ^^DIRECTORY^^
AddIcon /icons/blank.gif ^^BLANKICON^^
# DefaultIcon is which icon to show for files which do not have an icon
# explicitly set.
# AddDescription allows you to place a short description after a file in
# server-generated indexes.
# Format: AddDescription "description" filename
# ReadmeName is the name of the README file the server will look for by
# default. Format: ReadmeName name
# The server will first look for name.html, include it if found, and it will
# then look for name and include it as plaintext if found.
# HeaderName is the name of a file which should be prepended to
# directory indexes.
# IndexIgnore is a set of filenames which directory indexing should ignore
# Format: IndexIgnore name1 name2...
IndexIgnore .??* *~ *# HEADER* README* RCS
# AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory
# for access control information.
# DefaultType is the default MIME type for documents which the server
# cannot find the type of from filename extensions.
# AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers (Mosaic/X 2.1+) uncompress
# information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
AddEncoding x-compress Z
AddEncoding x-gzip gz
# AddLanguage allows you to specify the language of a document. You can
# then use content negotiation to give a browser a file in a language
# it can understand. Note that the suffix does not have to be the same
# as the language keyword --- those with documents in Polish (whose
# net-standard language code is pl) may wish to use "AddLanguage pl .po"
# to avoid the ambiguity with the common suffix for perl scripts.
AddLanguage en .en
AddLanguage fr .fr
AddLanguage de .de
AddLanguage da .da
AddLanguage el .el
AddLanguage it .it
# LanguagePriority allows you to give precedence to some languages
# in case of a tie during content negotiation.
# Just list the languages in decreasing order of preference.
LanguagePriority en fr de
# Redirect allows you to tell clients about documents which used to exist in
# your server's namespace, but do not anymore. This allows you to tell the
# clients where to look for the relocated document.
# Format: Redirect fakename url
# Aliases: Add here as many aliases as you need (with no limit). The format is
# Alias fakename realname
# Note that if you include a trailing / on fakename then the server will
# require it to be present in the URL. So "/icons" isn't aliased in this
Alias /icons/ /home/ftp/users/www/icons/
# ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts.
# Format: ScriptAlias fakename realname
ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /home/ftp/users/www/cgi-bin/
# If you want to use server side includes, or CGI outside
# ScriptAliased directories, uncomment the following lines.
# AddType allows you to tweak mime.types without actually editing it, or to
# make certain files to be certain types.
# Format: AddType type/subtype ext1
# AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers",
# actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
# or added with the Action command (see below)
# Format: AddHandler action-name ext1
# To use CGI scripts:
AddHandler cgi-script .pl
AddHandler cgi-script .cgi
# To use server-parsed HTML files
#AddType text/html .shtml
AddHandler server-parsed .shtml
# Uncomment the following line to enable Apache's send-asis HTTP file
AddHandler send-as-is asis
# If you wish to use server-parsed imagemap files, use
AddHandler imap-file map
# To enable type maps, you might want to use
AddHandler type-map var
# Action lets you define media types that will execute a script whenever
# a matching file is called. This eliminates the need for repeated URL
# pathnames for oft-used CGI file processors.
# Format: Action media/type /cgi-script/location
# Format: Action handler-name /cgi-script/location
# MetaDir: specifies the name of the directory in which Apache can find
# meta information files. These files contain additional HTTP headers
# to include when sending the document
# MetaSuffix: specifies the file name suffix for the file containing the
# meta information.
# Customizable error response (Apache style)
# these come in three flavors
# 1) plain text
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo.
# n.b. the (") marks it as text, it does not get output
# 2) local redirects
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
# to redirect to local url /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 /cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl
# n.b. can redirect to a script or a document using server-side-includes.
# 3) external redirects
#ErrorDocument 402 http://some.other_server.com/subscription_info.html
# mod_mime_magic allows the server to use various hints from the file itself
# to determine its type.
# The following directive disables keepalives and HTTP header flushes for
# Netscape 2.x and browsers which spoof it. There are known problems with
BrowserMatch Mozilla/2 nokeepalive
# The following directive disables HTTP/1.1 responses to browsers which
# are in violation of the HTTP/1.0 spec by not being able to grok a
# basic 1.1 response.
BrowserMatch "RealPlayer 4.0" force-response-1.0
# Added for Debian GNU/Linux docs (webstandard 3.0).
Alias /doc/ /usr/doc/
- Re: CGI Error
- From: Martin Bialasinski <email@example.com>