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Re: How to find dirs with single item

On Thu, 29 May 2014 14:31:03 -0500
Dennis Wicks <wix@mgssub.com> wrote:

> Can't quite figure out how to do this.
> I'd like to be able to scan a Volume or directory and find 
> all directories that have only one item in them. Either 
> directory or file.
> Any ideas??

This one

 *  wraps around find utility so that you can easily add
    further constraints (those will only apply to the directory
    you search, not to the child),

 *  works in good-old `sh`,

 *  returns true if found at least 1 (similar to grep),

 *  does not "slurp" the whole list, i.e. should start
    printing matches ASAP instead of waiting for find to finish:

    filter_single_item() {
        while read path;
            test $(ls "$path" | wc -l) -eq 1 && echo "$path" && rv=0
        return $rv
    find "$@" -type d | filter_single_item

Yes it's quite ineffective as it creates at least 3 processes
per each dir it scans, but it depends on your case if it's

OTOH, if you are sure no dir contains space, you could use
`echo` instead of ls and add -w option to wc.  Eventually you
could even replace wc with some trick with variable expansion.
(probably switching to bash for better tricks).

Alois Mahdal

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