Re: Advice on system purchase
On 10/28/2012 05:26 PM, David Christensen wrote:
I have tried to do so. I have run memtest86+ for over a day with no
errors, or lockups. I have asked questions here. I have done web
searches on various possibilities. The closest I could find to my
situation is the graphics driver problem referred to by Johan in the
thread "Debian Wheezy Hangs" about 2 weeks ago. The symptoms are
virtually identical. The difference is that I have a really OLD
graphics card, as opposed to a really new system. The fact that the
symptoms are the same, however, is why I think that the problem MIGHT be
with the graphics drivers and why I think that the system MIGHT work
fine as a server without X running on it
On 10/28/12 15:48, Marc Shapiro wrote:
If not, then I might have lockups anyway. If it continues to lockup
then I will retire the whole box.
It sounds like you need to figure out why it is locking up.
Yes. But how does putting one keyboard, mouse and monitor in front of
two or more boxes with a KVM switch do anything better for me than being
able to press Ctl-Alt_Fx to switch between individual sessions? It
still only allows one person to work at a time and just adds an extra
piece of hardware into the mix, as well as requiring multiple boxes
(which I do not have and do not want to spend the money to purchase)
setup as full desktop systems, instead of just one. I already have a
method that works that only requires that startx is aliased for each
person to start a session using a specific display and vt.
As I said to Doug, earlier, we do not have space for additional monitors
and keyboards. As nice as two, or three seats would be, one is all that
we have space for.
Do you know about keyboard-video-mouse (KVM) switches?
That is what I thought and is why I was looking at an 8 core processor.
It is not, however, what other people have said, earlier in this
thread. If you look at Stan Hoeppner's reply to my initial post you
will see what I am talking about. This is why I asked if running
multiple consecutive logins and X sessions would be spread across
multiple cores. If so then I can make use of those extra cores, if not
then I am better of paying for fewer cores that are clocked at a higher
speed. I am trying to keep costs down so I can not afford lots of cores
clocked at a higher speed. I need to determine which trade off works
better for my situation. I have tried to find the answer to the
question on the web, but so far have found nothing. I am still hoping
that someone on the list can give me an answer, preferably with good
first hand knowledge, or web citations to back it up.
The question remains as to whether multiple logins and multiple X
sessions will utilize multiple cores, or all run in a single thread on a
single core. That is what will determine whether I am better off with
more cores, or fewer cores with higher clock speed.
The Linux kernel should spread the workload across as many cores as
your processor has.
I don't believe it's a "many low speed cores" vs. "fewer high speed
cores" choice, at least for current Intel desktop processors. Look up
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep Technology and Intel Turbo Boost Technology.
Understand that not all processors have both. Without overclocking,
my i7-2600S (4 HT cores, 8 virtual cores) has a maximum clock of 3.8
GHz for one single-threaded task. The fastest i5 (4 cores) is also
3.8 GHz. The fastest i3 (2 HT cores, 4 virtual cores) is 3.4 GHz.
So, the many core processor goes the same speed or faster than the
fewer core processors (for more money).
Again. Cost is the issue. I can not afford to spend more than is
necessary to get a stable system that will do what I need it to do.
If you're into speed, look at the 'K' or 'X' suffix processors.
Understand that you must build the rest of the system to match your
I'm not "into speed" but I need a system that will efficiently do what I
require of it. Anything beyond that is icing on the cake.
I don't use multiple X sessions. If switched-away users leave
applications open that aren't doing much, then you might consider
extra memory. Otherwise, you might notice swapping. I paid ~$40 for
8 GB of memory; I wouldn't get less. If switched-away users leave
non-trivial processes running, then you also might consider extra
cores. Also consider heat and noise -- 'T' and 'S' suffix processors
are low-power, which means they produce less head and can use a
The system that I was originally looking at comes with 8GB of memory,
with a max of 16, or 32 (I don't remember which). My current MB is
maxed out at 2GB and I see very little, if any swapping, so I think that
the amount of memory that I am looking at will not be an issue.
How much did that system cost you. If you looked at the system that I
asked about originally, you would see that it costs $389, less $40 in
rebates. I'm willing to bet that you spent a good deal more than that
on your i7-2600S system.
I've yet to load down my i7-2600S
, but, inevitably, that will change over the years. I've learned that
it's better to build an overpowered machine up front than to build an
underpowered machine and upgrade it later (throwing away the money I
spent on the original parts).
I tend to keep my systems going for a long time, as evidenced by the
fact that I am looking to replace a single core Athlon 2800+ with 2GB
max memory at this time (while possibly keeping it running as a server
to supplement my new desktop system). And that MB was simply a
replacement in the box for an older MB whose caps were dying. I don't
throw away parts if it can be avoided. That is also why I am looking
for a system with enough power to keep me happy without breaking the
bank. I am also looking for more memory slots than I currently need so
that I can upgrade memory later without "throwing away the money I spent
on the original parts".