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Re: samba setup tips?



On Saturday 09 July 2005 12:12 pm, Josh Battles wrote:
> I'm having a few problems setting up samba on my server and I was
> hoping that the list would be able to shed some light on my issue for
> me and point me in the right direction.
>
> I've installed all the required pieces of samba and started the
> daemons and set each user's samba password by using the command
> "smbpasswd -a username". I can see the samba share from every other
> pc on my network but am unable to log into it from either linux or
> windows.  What am I missing?
>
> Here's my samba.conf file:
>
> #======================= Global Settings =======================
>
> [global]
>
> ## Browsing/Identification ###
>
> # Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will
> part of workgroup = bacon
>
> # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
>    server string = %h server (Samba %v)
>
> # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
> # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS
> Server ;   wins support = no
>
> # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS
> Client # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client,
> but NOT both ;   wins server = w.x.y.z
>
> # This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
>    dns proxy = no
>
> # What naming service and in what order should we use to resolve host
> names # to IP addresses
> ;   name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast
>
>
> #### Debugging/Accounting ####
>
> # This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
> # that connects
>    log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
>
> # Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
>    max log size = 1000
>
> # If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
> # parameter to 'yes'.
> ;   syslog only = no
>
> # We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog.
> Everything # should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If
> you want to log # through syslog you should set the following
> parameter to something higher. syslog = 0
>
> # Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a
> backtrace panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d
>
>
> ####### Authentication #######
>
> # "security = user" is always a good idea. This will require a Unix
> account # in this server for every user accessing the server. See
> # /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/ServerType.html in the samba-doc
> # package for details.
>    security = user
>
> # You may wish to use password encryption.  See the section on
> # 'encrypt passwords' in the smb.conf(5) manpage before enabling.
>    encrypt passwords = true
>
> # If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
> # password database type you are using.
>    passdb backend = tdbsam guest
>
>    obey pam restrictions = yes
>
> ;   guest account = nobody
>    invalid users = root
>
> # This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the
> Unix # password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password
> in the # passdb is changed.
> ;   unix password sync = no
>
> # For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the
> following # parameters must be set (thanks to Augustin Luton
> <aluton@hybrigenics.fr> for # sending the correct chat script for the
> passwd program in Debian Potato). passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
>    passwd chat = *Enter\snew\sUNIX\spassword:* %n\n
> *Retype\snew\sUNIX\spassword:* %n\n .
>
> # This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
> # when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
> # 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
> ;   pam password change = no
>
>
> ########## Printing ##########
>
> # If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
> # than setting them up individually then you'll need this
> ;   load printers = yes
>
> # lpr(ng) printing. You may wish to override the location of the
> # printcap file
> ;   printing = bsd
> ;   printcap name = /etc/printcap
>
> # CUPS printing.  See also the cupsaddsmb(8) manpage in the
> # cupsys-client package.
> ;   printing = cups
> ;   printcap name = cups
>
> # When using [print$], root is implicitly a 'printer admin', but you
> can # also give this right to other users to add drivers and set
> printer # properties
> ;   printer admin = @ntadmin
>
>
> ######## File sharing ########
>
> # Name mangling options
> ;   preserve case = yes
> ;   short preserve case = yes
>
>
> ############ Misc ############
>
> # Using the following line enables you to customise your
> configuration # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the
> netbios name # of the machine that is connecting
> ;   include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m
>
> # Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
> # See smb.conf(5) and /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/speed.html
> # for details
> # You may want to add the following on a Linux system:
> #         SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
>    socket options = TCP_NODELAY
>
> # The following parameter is useful only if you have the linpopup
> package # installed. The samba maintainer and the linpopup maintainer
> are # working to ease installation and configuration of linpopup and
> samba. ;   message command = /bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m"
> %s; rm %s' &
>
> # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. If
> this # machine will be configured as a BDC (a secondary logon
> server), you # must set this to 'no'; otherwise, the default behavior
> is recommended. ;   domain master = auto
>
> # Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
> # for something else.)
> ;   idmap uid = 10000-20000
> ;   idmap gid = 10000-20000
> ;   template shell = /bin/bash
>
> #======================= Share Definitions =======================
>
> [homes]
>    comment = Home Directories
>    browseable = no
>
> # By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change
> next # parameter to 'yes' if you want to be able to write to them.
> writable = no
>
> # File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want
> to # create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to
> 0775. create mask = 0700
>
> # Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you
> want to # create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter
> to 0775. directory mask = 0700
>
> # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for
> Domain Logons # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain
> controller too.) ;[netlogon]
> ;   comment = Network Logon Service
> ;   path = /home/samba/netlogon
> ;   guest ok = yes
> ;   writable = no
> ;   share modes = no
>
> [printers]
>    comment = All Printers
>    browseable = no
>    path = /tmp
>    printable = yes
>    public = no
>    writable = no
>    create mode = 0700
>
> # Windows clients look for this share name as a source of
> downloadable # printer drivers
> [print$]
>    comment = Printer Drivers
>    path = /var/lib/samba/printers
>    browseable = yes
>    read only = yes
>    guest ok = no
> # Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
> # Replace 'ntadmin' with the name of the group your admin users are
> # members of.
> ;   write list = root, @ntadmin
>
> # A sample share for sharing your CD-ROM with others.
> ;[cdrom]
> ;   comment = Samba server's CD-ROM
> ;   writable = no
> ;   locking = no
> ;   path = /cdrom
> ;   public = yes
>
> # The next two parameters show how to auto-mount a CD-ROM when the
> #	cdrom share is accesed. For this to work /etc/fstab must contain
> #	an entry like this:
> #
> #       /dev/scd0   /cdrom  iso9660 defaults,noauto,ro,user   0 0
> #
> # The CD-ROM gets unmounted automatically after the connection to the
> #
> # If you don't want to use auto-mounting/unmounting make sure the CD
> #	is mounted on /cdrom
> #
> ;   preexec = /bin/mount /cdrom
> ;   postexec = /bin/umount /cdrom
>
>
> and here's my fstab file so you can see what i'm mounting.
>
>  /etc/fstab: static file system information.
> #
> # <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump> 
> <pass> proc            /proc           proc    defaults        0     
>  0 /dev/hda1       /               reiserfs notail          0       1
> /dev/hda9       /home           reiserfs defaults        0       2
> /dev/mapper/share-shared /shared         reiserfs defaults        0  
>     2 /dev/hda8       /tmp            reiserfs defaults        0     
>  2 /dev/hda5       /usr            reiserfs defaults        0       2
> /dev/hda6       /var            reiserfs defaults        0       2
> /dev/hda7       none            swap    sw              0       0
> /dev/hdg        /media/cdrom0   iso9660 ro,user,noauto  0       0
>
> Oddly enough, the directory /shared is what I'm trying to share via
> samba.
>
> I'm new to this, I've only used linux as a desktop before, but since
> my old NT4 server died I thought I'd give it a try and see what it's
> got to offer there as well.  I'm fairly familiar with configuration
> for desktop stuff but as all this server stuff is new to me I'm lost.
>  Thanks in advance.
>
> --
> - Josh
> www.omg-stfu.com

You need to set the 'share definitions'  section so that you are sharing 
something, the default shown is for your home directory. 

>[homes]
>    comment = Home Directories
>    browseable = no
change to yes
>
> # By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change
> next # parameter to 'yes' if you want to be able to write to them.
> writable = no
change to yes

>
> # File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want
> to # create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to
> 0775. create mask = 0700
change as needed 

>
> # Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you
> want to # create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter
> to 0775. directory mask = 0700

change as needed.

Restart Samba.
-- 
Greg Madden



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