hi ya marco
On Sun, 2 Nov 2003, Ron Johnson wrote:
> On Mon, 2003-12-01 at 04:41, Marco Cecconi wrote:
> > Hello, I've been having this question on my mind for a bit now: what is
> > the best practice to partition a hard drive under Unix, and in
> > particular under Linux? At work I try to separate different
> > functionalities as much as possible (eg. /boot, /, /var, /home all on
> > different partitions). This makes sense since the machines are servers.
> > What is your experience regarding workstations? Is there any advantage
> > or disadvantage in using a simpler partitioning (eg. only /boot and /)?
> The whole subject is less critical now, but here's how I do it:
> Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on
> /dev/hda3 7874560 150520 7324024 3% /
> /dev/hda2 46668 2871 41388 7% /boot
> /dev/hda5 7874528 1770332 5704180 24% /usr
> /dev/hda6 7874528 708628 6765884 10% /var
> /dev/hda7 7874528 668568 6805944 9% /home
> /dev/hda8 86573816 862620 81313404 2% /data
it doesnt matter if its a server or workstation ...
"partition scheme" should be independent of its function
( yes, /var/spool/mail might be bigger on mail servers
( yes, /var/www ( aka /home/http ) is bigger on web servers
but the number of partitions is the same
/tmp should be its own partition because:
you should ( require to ) do "chmod 1777 /tmp"
/boot is NOT needed ...
- /boot was needed in the old days to guarantee that the
boot kernel was occupying the 1st 1024 cylinders
/ - should be as small as possible
so that you can always do e2fsck on it and boot into single user
- if you only have / and "swap", than your entire 100GB or 200GB
has to be e2fsck clean in order to get into single user mode
to fix whatever the problem was
<swap> you want a swap partition so that if some silly apps uses
up all your memory, the system can start doing disk swap
and keep going ( really slow ) vs crashing/dying
/home all user data goes shere and occupys the rest of the disks
only /home and /etc is backed up .. rest of the partitons
can be reformated and you shouldn't care since its
all backed up on the net someplace or on original cdroms
/usr/local might be good to keep(symlink) at /home/local
for more user installed modifications
lots of various reasons for doing lots of various partitions schemes
rest of the "partition howto"
> I could (and probably should) have combined / and /usr, but this
> way, /tmp has almost 8GB to play with.
> The *most*critical* things, IMO, though, is to put /home and /data
> on their own partitions, so that if you do have to reinstall, you
> won't wipe out your data.
> You know, I wonder if it wouldn't be useful to put /etc in it's own
> partition, too? With Gnome 2.4 & CUPS, my /etc is 25MB, so a 50MB
> partition, like I did for /boot, would be all you'd need, I think.