On Sun, 2 Nov 2003, Alvin Oga wrote:
> hi ya marco
> On Sun, 2 Nov 2003, Ron Johnson wrote:
> > On Mon, 2003-12-01 at 04:41, Marco Cecconi wrote:
> > > Hello, I've been having this question on my mind for a bit now: what is
> > > the best practice to partition a hard drive under Unix, and in
> > > particular under Linux? At work I try to separate different
> > > functionalities as much as possible (eg. /boot, /, /var, /home all on
> > > different partitions). This makes sense since the machines are servers.
> > > What is your experience regarding workstations? Is there any advantage
> > > or disadvantage in using a simpler partitioning (eg. only /boot and /)?
> > The whole subject is less critical now, but here's how I do it:
> > Filesystem 1K-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on
> > /dev/hda3 7874560 150520 7324024 3% /
> > /dev/hda2 46668 2871 41388 7% /boot
> > /dev/hda5 7874528 1770332 5704180 24% /usr
> > /dev/hda6 7874528 708628 6765884 10% /var
> > /dev/hda7 7874528 668568 6805944 9% /home
> > /dev/hda8 86573816 862620 81313404 2% /data
> it doesnt matter if its a server or workstation ...
> "partition scheme" should be independent of its function
> ( yes, /var/spool/mail might be bigger on mail servers
> ( yes, /var/www ( aka /home/http ) is bigger on web servers
> but the number of partitions is the same
> /tmp should be its own partition because:
> you should ( require to ) do "chmod 1777 /tmp"
> /boot is NOT needed ...
> - /boot was needed in the old days to guarantee that the
> boot kernel was occupying the 1st 1024 cylinders
> / - should be as small as possible
> so that you can always do e2fsck on it and boot into single user
> - if you only have / and "swap", than your entire 100GB or 200GB
> has to be e2fsck clean in order to get into single user mode
> to fix whatever the problem was
> <swap> you want a swap partition so that if some silly apps uses
> up all your memory, the system can start doing disk swap
> and keep going ( really slow ) vs crashing/dying
> /home all user data goes shere and occupys the rest of the disks
> only /home and /etc is backed up .. rest of the partitons
> can be reformated and you shouldn't care since its
> all backed up on the net someplace or on original cdroms
> /usr/local might be good to keep(symlink) at /home/local
> for more user installed modifications
> lots of various reasons for doing lots of various partitions schemes
if you have lots of logs - web server, mail server - it might make sense
to have a /var/log partition.
Also, APT-get puts packages in /var/cache/apt/archive and maybe put that
is a partition.
my 2 yen.