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SuSE-Blinux: a new Screenreader; Debian? (fwd)

(Forward it to interested deb-devels if necessary or to ther right
Deb person).

Hi, I have on one pc the very great chance to use Debian 2.1 with a
hardware braille-display. But actually on another pc I'm suffering from
the refusal of my old braille display (not brltty supported) to let
me work under Deb. So on pc1 I've a great pleasure to work, on another
nothing more than frustration!

Okay there is now an Ocularis project around Deb. But blind do
prefer braille; SuSE seems to have understood this.
Then, what about braille support and voice while installing for Deb ???
Is Ocularis the one and only idea ? Is there any release date ?

SuSE did it; but I LOVE DEBIAN and want to continue using Deb,
without having to change. DEB is GREAT! I thing deb is a good dist
for blind, because of a much developed console-mode philosiphy/apps.
In general ways I do appreciate much more the Debian philosophy.

Short inst experience journal:
to solve on my 2nd pc this access problem, my friend Frederic Peters
(Deb devel), have tried to install screader + Festival:
impossible to run this combination (75 % of total processor capacity is
used for that)!!! If devs are happend, I recommend the porting of
Euler (tts) + mbrola for Linux; see http://tcts.fpms.ac.be
link to Mbrola.

Now follows the article.

Grtnx, Osvaldo La Rosa - Deb user - BE

   >---------- Forwarded message ----------
   >Date: Sat, 12 Aug 2000 16:02:07 +0200
   >Hi Listers!
   >Maybe the folloing article about the new Sscreen-reader SuSE-Blinux
   >is interesting for some of you...
   >**** ***
   >SuSE Linux 7.0 suitable for partially sighted and blind people
   >The first Linux-distribution which supports installation and
   >in Braille!
   >Since the mid-eighties, more and more partially sighted and blind
   >people have been able to work on computers. This was made possible
   >by the invention of the Braille-device (Braille-Zeile). This is an
   >additional device which is connected to the serial port of the PC.
   >Via the Braille-device, the blind person can read the information
   >displayed on the
   >screen line by line and check his/her own entries.
   >As part of the new version 7.0, SuSE Linux has now developed the
   >screen reader SuSE Blinux - a piece of software which enables
   >partially sighted and blind people to work with Linux comfortably.
   >SuSE Blinux is neither an independent distribution nor a kernel
   >patch but rather a so-called daemon, i.e. a program that runs in
   >the background. One advantage of this
   >is that SuSE Blinux does not compromise system security in any way.
   >Furthermore, blind users have unrestricted use of all applications
   >of the
   >new SuSE Linux version which run on the text console. They can even
   >compile their own kernel.
   >During the boot-process of the installation-CD the system
   >recognises a Braille-device, if connected to the system. If this is
   >the case, the SuSE-specific installation tool Yast2 switches to
   >text-mode. At the same time, even before the LogIn, the screen
   >reader is started. This makes SuSE
   >Linux the only system in the world which offers Braille-support
   >during installation. Blind users can follow the complete
   >LogIn-process and install and configure their own system. They can
   >then work on the text console, using the Braille device and
   >possibly a voice system.
   >Braille writing, as it is taught in schools, is made up of a
   >combination of 6 dots per character. Computer-Braille, however,
   >uses 8-dot combinations. In this way all 256 characters which can
   >be displayed on the
   >screen can also be output in a Braille module.  More options for
   >transferring the information from the screen become available. E.g.
   >and upper case letters or various colours can be differentiated. All
   >who are familiar with 6-dot Braille will not find it difficult to
   >to 8-dot Braille. Reading Braille information from a Braille device
   >however, require disproportionately more effort from the user:
   >While users without sight-impairments can scan the screen at a
   >glance and pick out the relevant data, blind users have to work
   >their way through the screen contents line by line.
   >This is why SuSE Blinux supports the user during screen navigation
   >by putting the Braille device at the position of the relevant
   >information. To
   >put it more clearly: The Braille device represents exactly that
   >line on the screen on which the cursor is currently positioned.
   >Data which are not
   >relevant at the moment are of course still available on the screen.
   >With every move of the cursor the Braille device jumps to the
   >current line of the cursor.  Therefore, the user can immediately
   >follow any changes on the
   >screen. Cursor routing, e.g. for correction purposes, can be
   >achieved via
   >special buttons above the characters on the Braille device. With
   >these, the cursor can be placed on any character. In this way blind
   >users can operate all applications which are cursor-based. All
   >actions which are not
   >immediately visible on the Braille device are communicated through
   >acoustic signals.
   >For each application special settings can be specified which
   >describe the
   >application in more detail. These settings are called ?profiles?.
   >In the profiles, attributes, i.e. particular settings, can be
   >specified. One such
   >attribute could be an instruction such as ?display the text from
   >line 3 onwards? or ?display the block with the menu contents only?.
   >Various function keys help with the use of attributes and the
   >display of text. Bold script for example can be represented through
   >a specific colour. This
   >colour is assigned to a particular function key or combination of
   >keys. All function keys can be freely assigned. Specific key
   >combinations can be
   >used to set markers for important information: pre-defined lines on
   >the screen can then be accessed directly.
   >To make working on the computer even easier, SuSE Blinux can be
   >used to control a hardware synthesizer. This synthesizer provides
   >voice support to
   >the user. Basically, voice output delivers all the information
   >available on the screen. The user is supported during the
   >navigation in that only the relevant data are read initially. As
   >with text output, special conditions or settings, so-called
   >language filters, can be defined in the
   >profiles for language output. Special abbreviations or characters
   >are specified which are read as a complete word, a sentence, a
   >signal or as limitations during voice output. Possible commands
   >could be "Read the whole screen ", "Read the line only" or "Spell
   >the word".  Depending on the synthesizer used, several languages
   >can be reproduced (- the software
   >does not influence this).
   >SuSE Blinux offers automatic profile switching: the program
   >recognises the
   >application displayed on the screen and makes the necessary
   >adjustments. Configuration files can be specified not just for
   >particular applications,
   >but also for specific users.  This means that every user can specify
   >his/her own profiles or language filters. As soon as he/she logs in
   >to a machine, his/her individual settings are available. This could
   >be particularly interesting for users such as schools.
   >One of the major advantages of SuSE Blinux is that it allows users
   >to handle Internet applications to a very large extent. Many
   >text-based applications run under Linux. This facilitates the use
   >of the internet for
   >blind people enormously. Thanks to SuSE Blinux, used with a Braille
   >or voice output, surfing the net or sending email via Pine are not a
   >problem. Support for SuSE Blinux will be offered from the very
   >current plans specify that on two days per week, for 5 hours each,
   >specialists will be available on the phone and via email to answer
   >all questions and offer competent advice on more complex problems.
   >A further advantage: screen readers usually cost between DM 200 and
   >DM 5000. The new
   >SuSE Linux version 7.0 offers the screen reader free-of-charge!
   >On Braille-devices:
   >There are many different types of Braille-devices available. The
   >more sophisticated devices with 80 characters correspond to the
   >length of a normal line on the screen and represent the information
   >as it is. Braille-devices with 40 characters, however, offer half
   >the normal line on
   >the screen. Cost will be a major factor when deciding on a
   >as the difference in price is still considerable. SuSE Blinux
   >supports commonly used Braille devices from the major
   >manufacturers: all Braille-devices supplied by the German companies
   >Papenmeier and Handytech
   >and by the Dutch company Alva are compatible. When it comes to the
   >manufacturer Baum, only the Vario40 and 80 are supported. Further
   >work on
   >other models is in progress.
   >Homepage of SuSE:
   >German Homepage:
   >Blinux-list mailing list
   >Blinux-announce mailing list

osvalDo la rOSa

Net-Tamer V 1.12.0 - Registered


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