Re: LSB Spec 1.0 Criticism
>From: Ethan Benson <email@example.com>
>> # Required-Start: $multiuser
>> would put it in runlevel 2,3,4,5 on both Red Hat and Debian.
>> Changing the wording to something like:
>> ``For the purposes of the Default-Start: and Default-Stop: comment
>> headers, the valid runlevels are:
>> 1 -- single user
>> 2 -- multiuser, no networking
>> 3 -- multiuser, networking
>> 4 -- X, multiuser, no networking
>> 5 -- X, multiuser, networking
>> The actual runlevels used by the distributor or the local user
>> may not match these values, but the distributor is required to
>> translate them to the appropriate local runlevels.''
>this makes sooo much more sense. and doesn't require debian to adopt
>deficient practices. (telling the admin how he should configure runlevels)
>From a UNIX man page for init:
S or s
init goes to the single-user state. In this
state, the system console device (/dev/console)
is opened for reading and writing and the com-
mand /sbin/su, (see su(1M)), is invoked. Use
either init or telinit to change the run level
of the system. Note that if the shell is ter-
minated (using an end-of-file), init only re-
initializes to the single-user state if
/etc/inittab does not exist.
0-6 init enters the corresponding run level. Run
levels 0, 5, and 6 are reserved states for shut-
ting the system down. Run levels 2, 3, and 4 are
available as multi-user operating states.
0 Go into firmware.
1 Put the system in system administrator mode. All local
file systems are mounted. Only a small set of essen-
tial kernel processes are left running. This mode is
for administrative tasks such as installing optional
utility packages. All files are accessible and no
users are logged in on the system.
2 Put the system in multi-user mode. All multi-user
environment terminal processes and daemons are
spawned. This state is commonly referred to as the
3 Extend multi-user mode by making local resources
available over the network.
4 Is available to be defined as an alternative multi-
user environment configuration. It is not necessary
for system operation and is usually not used.
5 Shut the machine down so that it is safe to remove the
power. Have the machine remove power, if possible.
6 Stop the operating system and reboot to the state
defined by the initdefault entry in /etc/inittab.
EMail:firstname.lastname@example.org (home) Jörg Schilling D-13353 Berlin
email@example.com (uni) If you don't have iso-8859-1
firstname.lastname@example.org (work) chars I am J"org Schilling
URL: http://www.fokus.gmd.de/usr/schilling ftp://ftp.fokus.gmd.de/pub/unix