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[mike ossipoff <ossipoff2002@yahoo.com>] Cloneproof SSD program, with balloting


        Here is mail from Mike Ossipoff with code for SSD. I am also
 including aj's Perl code that was used in the last election.


Attachment: cloneproof_ssd.pl
Description: clone proof ssd

--- Begin Message ---
Some time ago I sent to you a pasted copy of our
website's Python program, to implement Cloneproof SSD,
via the BeatpathWinner algorithm.

Cloneproof SSD is abbreviated "CSSD".

But that program doesn't include balloting. It has
as its input the pairwise vote totals array,
which in that program is called Pmat. That's the
array that records how many people ranked each i over
each j.

But I didn't write that program, though I suggested
the algorithm. Below, in this message, is a Python
Cloneproof SSD program that I myself _did_ write.
This way any errors in it are my own, and I can say
that I've not been able to find any errors in this
current version.

The other advantage of this program is that it
includes code that receives the rankings from the
keyboard, prompting, for example, for 
"enter your choice # 3 candidate:"

Of course this program also counts the rankings, to
make the pairwise vote totals array. The previous
program that I sent to you calls that array Pmat.
This program calls it V.

This is a little like "sending coals to Newcastle",
sending software to professional programmers, who
are incomparably more experienced than I am at
program-writing. Still, as an advocate of
Cloneproof SSD, it's my responsibility to offer
count software of some kind. So now I'm sending you
a complete count program written entirely by me, which
is also my responsibility, however amateur a
programmer I am.

Anyway, it's important that a program make the
completed pairwise vote totals array, because making
that array is nearly the entire computational task
of the pairwise-count methods such as CSSD.

Of course, if you already have software that makes
that pairwise vote totals array, you could put its
values into V[A(i,j)], and just use the part of my
program that uses that V array to determine the
CSSD winner(s).

In that case, find the line, near the bottom of the
program, that says: W=[1]*N   The block of lines
just before that line is the beginning of the
part of the program that you'd still use if you
already had the pairwise vote total array. So you'd
use that block and all that follows.

And, add certain definition lines to a place just
before that block: The definitions of the dictionary
"cands", the variable N, the lists V & B, and the
function A(i,j) should be moved to that position from
their present positions earlier in the program.

The reason why I write the pairwise vote totals array
as V[A(i,j)] is because, instead of using
nested lists, I'm using 1-dimensional lists, with
a function, A(i,j), which converts 2-dimensional
array positions into 1-dimensional array positions.

My balloting program doesn't recognize any such thing
as a spoiled ballot. If the voter chooses to
contradict himself in his ranking, he should be
able to. It only reduces the effectiveness of his
ballot, and that's his doing and his problem.

In my 3-nested for loops that find the strongest
beatpath from each i to each j, I don't include
requirements that i not equal j or k, etc. That's
because leaving such requirements out has no effect
on the winner(s), and so I leave it out for

In case the program will be used with its balloting
part, let me say something about how that works:

The balloting has 2 parts. Part 1 asks for & receives
the names, abbreviations, or initials of the
candidates (or alternatives). Part 2 receives the

In part 1, the user is asked for candidate names,
and enters each one when prompted for it. If you
want to correct an entry error, by redoing the
previous entry, enter 1. The program will then
receive the replacement for that incorrect name
that you want to replace. When done with the names,
enter 0 (the zero key).

In part 2, when asked, for instance, for "choice #3,
enter that ranking's 3rd choice. Then, when prompted
for "choice #4, and if you want to enter an
additional 3rd choice (because you can enter as
many choices at any rank position as you want to),
enter 1. The program will say "enter more choice #3".

If you want to redo the most recent entry, enter 2.
If you want to redo the entire current ranking, enter
3. When finished with the current ranking, enter 
0 (the zero key). When done entering all the rankings,
enter 9.

One more thing: I don't have a computer, and so
I haven't been able to test this program. But I've
checked it for errors, including typos. At first I
found a number of them. Then I couldn't find any.
So there's a good chance that there aren't any now.

But if it doesn't run as intended, maybe the error
will be some obvious typo or other obvious error that
you can fix. Otherswise, you could send to me the
error message, and I could fix the error. Of course
when I get a computer I can send a program that I've
tested and which I can guarantee to contain no typos.

Have I left anything out? Anyway, very likely Debian,
an organization of programmers, will have no use for
this program. But, as I said, as an advocate of
CSSD, I still have a responsibility to send CSSD
count software where CSSD has been adopted.

Oh, one last thing, I'm just pasting the Python
listing into e-mail. I hope that the indentations
don't get scrambled by e-mail. If they do, let me
know, and I'll add "endwhile", "endif", etc., to
show where the ends of the blocks are supposed to be,
so that you can fix the indentations. Of course the
"enwhile" and "endif", etc., should then be removed,
since Python doesn't use them, but instead uses
the indentations to delimit "if" and "while" blocks.

Another alternative, if the indentations don't
survive e-mail, would be to tell me how to send
the program by ftp or something, some way that
scramble the indentations. Well maybe they'll arrive
ok in this e-mail.

Anyway, here's the Python program to receive the
candidate list and then the rankings, and then
use them to determine the winner by Cloneproof SSD,
via the BeatpathWinner algorithm:

def CSSD():

 print "enter candidate names or initial(s)"

 while done=0
    while reenter=1
       print "next candidate"
       if cnd="1"
          del number[cands[lastn]]
          del cands[lastn]
    if cnd="0"
       print "all candidates entered"
       print "enter rankings"

 def A(i,j):
    return N*i+j
 for i in range(N)
    for j in range(N)
 while doneall=0
    for i in range(N)
    while donethis=0
       while reenter=1
          print "choice # ",rankn,":"
          if cnd="1"
             print "enter more choice #", rankn
          elif cnd="2"
             print "re-do most recent entry"
       if cnd="3"
          print "redo current ranking"
          for i in range(N)
       elif cnd="0"
          print "next ranking"
       elif cnd="9"
          print "All rankings are entered."
          print "Program is running and will"
          print "shortly report Cloneproof SSD"
          print  "winner(s), determined by
          print  "BeatpathWinner algorithm"
    for i in range(N)
       for j in range(N)
          if rank[j]>rank[i]

 for i in range(N)
    for j in range(N)
       if V[A(i,j)]>V[A(j,i)]
 while repeat=1
    for i in range(N)
       for j in range(N)
          for k in range(N)
             if low>B[A(i,k)]

    if change=0

 for i in range(N)
 for i in range(N)
    for j in range(N)
       if B[A(i,j)]>B[A(j,i)]

 for i in range(N)
    if W[i]=1
       print cands[i],"wins"


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--- End Message ---

 Please don't ask me what the score is, I'm not even sure what the
 game is. Ashleigh Brilliant
Manoj Srivastava   <srivasta@debian.org>  <http://www.debian.org/%7Esrivasta/>
1024R/C7261095 print CB D9 F4 12 68 07 E4 05  CC 2D 27 12 1D F5 E8 6E
1024D/BF24424C print 4966 F272 D093 B493 410B  924B 21BA DABB BF24 424C

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