Re: newbie here - system administration question
Per olof Ljungmark wrote:
> Hi debianites,
> I am a complete beginner with Debian and need a little help to get
> going. Specifically, I wonder how you configure the system (not
> installed software), things like the network, users, logging etc.
You may find answers to some of your problems on the website of the NewbieDOC
project . The great thing is that you can contribute your experiences back to
the project because the website is a wiki.
There is an example of a /etc/network/interfaces file in section 3 of the
article on setting up a wireless network card . (The ethernet card - eth0 -
section has been commented out in this article.) You may need to add nameservers
to /etc/resolv.conf. You can restart the network with the new configuration, as
user root, with the commands
# /etc/init.d/networking stop
# /etc/init.d/networking start
If you want to dig deeper, have a look at some man pages with these commands
$ man ifconfig
$ man ifup
There is also an article on managing users and groups .
Logs are kept in /var/log/. Eg to view the last few entries in the system log
# tail /var/log/syslog
To follow the system log in real time
# tail -f /var/log/syslog
Other ways to read the logs:
# more /var/log/syslog
# cat /var/log/syslog
# less /var/log/syslog
# grep -i fail /var/log/boot
(Check the man pages for these commands.)
You might find the Debian Reference  useful too.