Re: some more little bugs in 0.91
> Even after changing permissions/ownership from
> -rwxr-xr-x 1 root bin 9220 Dec 12 00:14 movemail*
> -rwxr-sr-x 1 root mail 9220 Dec 12 00:14 movemail*
> the problem still occurs. The problem manifests itself as an emacs
> error message: "Renaming: permission denied,
> /var/spool/mail/deisher, /var/spool/mail/deisher+".
> Check /var/spool/mail/deisher, it should be
> -rw-rw---- 1 deisher mail
Aha! That's it. Thanks for pointing that out. The culprit is the
adduser script! Here's a fixed version:
# adduser 1.0: a utility to add users to the system
# Copyright (C) 1994 Ian A. Murdock <firstname.lastname@example.org>
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
# Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
# Written for the Debian Linux distribution (01/21/94). Feel free to use
# it in YOUR distribution, too. :) Please note that this is just a simple
# script that _somewhat_ automates the really boring and repetitive task
# of creating new user accounts. It makes no attempt to be sophisticated.
# Let me know if you improve it in any way.
# I need to write a man page for this.
# Everything happens too fast, so don't let the user interrupt.
trap "" 1 2 3 15
# Set a few important variables before getting started.
PBAK="/etc/passwd-" # Some programs use /etc/passwd-, others use
# /etc/passwd.OLD. Take your pick.
MGID=12 # group id for mail files
PLOCK="/etc/ptmp" # Standard method of locking the password file.
# What do we do if $DEFAULTS doesn't exist?
# A few sanity checks...
if [ `whoami` != "root" ]; then
echo "Only root may add users to the system." ; exit 1
if [ $NUMARG = 0 ]; then
echo "You need to specify the login to add; for example, \`adduser" \
"imurdock'." ; exit 1
id $LOGIN >/dev/null 2>/dev/null && EXIST=1
if [ $EXIST = 1 ]; then
echo "The login $LOGIN already exists."
if [ -f $PLOCK ]; then
echo "$PASSWD is locked. Try again later." ; exit 1
# And now the program begins:
if [ -f $DEFAULTS ]; then
echo -n "Reading in $DEFAULTS..." ; source $DEFAULTS ; echo "done."
echo "No defaults file found. Using built-in defaults." ; no_defaults
echo "" ; echo -n "Looking for first available UID..."
NUID=`cut -f 3 -d ":" /etc/passwd | sort -n | tail -1` ; NUID=`expr $NUID + 1`
if [ $NUID -lt $FIRST_UID ]; then
echo "done. Using UID $NUID and GID $NGID."
echo "" ; echo -n "Adding login: $LOGIN..."
touch $PLOCK ; cp $PASSWD $PBAK
echo "$LOGIN:x:$NUID:$NGID::$DHOME/$LOGIN:$DSHELL" >> /etc/passwd
rm -f $PLOCK
echo -n "Creating home directory: $DHOME/$LOGIN..."
cp $SKEL/.* $SKEL/* $DHOME/$LOGIN >/dev/null 2>/dev/null
chown -R $NUID.$NGID $DHOME/$LOGIN
echo -n "Creating mailbox: $SPOOL/$LOGIN..."
touch $SPOOL/$LOGIN ; chmod 660 $SPOOL/$LOGIN ; chown $NUID.$MGID $SPOOL/$LOGIN