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Re: multiboot usb stick

On Fri, Mar 7, 2014 at 8:18 PM, Johannes Schauer <j.schauer@email.de> wrote:
> Hi,
> my goal is to have a usb stick with multiple debian live bootable systems on
> it. It thus should be able to combine the multiple options for downloadable
> isos from live.debian.net (different suite, different arch, different desktop)
> into a bootable usb stick which allows to select which iso to boot in the main
> screen. The use case would be that I could give such a usb stick to a friend
> (either using i386 or amd64) who could then easily try out different desktop
> environments (kde, gnome, xfce) and debian releases (stable, testing, unstable)
> without going through multiple iterations of downloading the image and dd-ing
> it to the usb drive over and over again.
> I'm aware that the web is full of software which allows something like this:
>  - YUMI for Linux http://www.pendrivelinux.com/yumi-multiboot-usb-creator/
>  - multisytem http://liveusb.info/dotclear/index.php?pages/install
>  - multibootusb http://multibootusb.org/features/
> But they all have the same disadvantages:
>  - not available in Debian main
>  - only graphical user interface and non-scriptable
>  - need knowledge about the to-be-booted iso
> The last part means that they can only add an iso to the multiboot mix which
> the tool knows of. This is because it needs to know the distribution specific
> boot parameters.
> My idea was to partition a usb stick with one primary partition and N logical
> partitions for N iso images and format all these partitions with ext2. I would
> then use extlinux to boot from the first partition and chainload another
> extlinux from any of the other partitions which each contain the directory
> layout of a live CD.
> The following script does all of the above:
> https://gist.github.com/josch/9412079
> It takes all *.iso files in the current directory and creates a disk image
> which can be dd-ed to a usb stick with the following result upon booting it:
> https://mister-muffin.de/p/ARV2.png
> Once either of these entries is selected, extlinux will chainload the menu from
> the respective CD:
> https://mister-muffin.de/p/ysUH.png
> The only thing that does not work is that the correct rootfs is found by the
> kernel and initrd. No matter what option is chosen, the rootfs will be selected
> from the first partition on the USB stick that contains one. It is already
> great that it finds one at all and does not give up after not finding it on the
> first partition. So right now, even if I select kde, the gnome desktop will be
> loaded because it comes first in the partition order.
> To make such kind of setup work, it would be necessary for the initrd (I guess
> it's the initrd?) to successfully find the partition with the live rootfs it is
> supposed to boot. I saw that after dd-ing a live iso to a usb stick, the
> partition had a label so maybe that label could be used to find the correct
> partition to load the rootfs from? Maybe there are other possibilities? I dont
> mind writing a patch if you could hint me at the general direction of where to
> look.
> The advantage of this approach over the one taken by existing tools (have a
> main isolinux.cfg which has knowledge about the proper boot parameters for each
> distribution it supports) is that the tool would not have to be changed no
> matter what changes are implemented in the debian live isos. Furthermore, this
> setup is able to take advantage of the existing menu structure present on every
> live iso without having to recreate it. The only disadvantage I see would be
> that after selecting an "iso" to boot, one would have to restart to go back to
> the selection screen.
> But maybe I also overlooked an existing way which allows to combine multiple
> debian live isos onto one usb stick?
> What do you think?
> cheers, josch
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> Archive: https://lists.debian.org/20140307141805.2428.40442@hoothoot


If you do not neet persistence, why don't you use fromiso boot option?

You just need to install Grub2 on your USB thumb, and then you
will be able to boot different iso images directly, no unpacking.

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