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Re: boot-floppies

On Wed, 2 Dec 1998, Roland McGrath wrote:

> > This is a pet project of mine. Unfortunatly, I see little point in doing
> > this whilst passwords are not supported. I was told on hurd-help that USA
> > encryption laws prevent them from including the algorhythm that does
> > password checks :(. I think recompiling hurd may solve this, but I've
> > never done that before.
> I fail to see how boot floppies and encrypted passwords relate.  But
> anyway, the hurd most certainly supports encrypted passwords, the very same
> code used on linux.  Just like all US-based distributions, it cannot
> include the encryption code directly; you must get it from a non-US source
> (see the glibc README).

But I did!! I got it from nymph.csi.cam.ac.uk :(. 

See my earler posts for the problems I have trying to get passwords
working. I include the relevent config files and /var/log/messages with
this post. I removed the hashes from /etc/passwd 'cos this is unencrypted

If you can tell me why login: checking passwords: operation not supported
is all I get, and how to fix it I will be most grateful...



Elen sila lumenn' omentielvo

Steward of the Cambridge Tolkien Society
Selwyn College Computer Support
msql:*:36:36:Mini SQL Database Manager:/var/lib/msql:/bin/sh
gnats:*:41:41:Gnats Bug-Reporting System (admin):/var/lib/gnats/gnats-db:/bin/sh
alias:*:70:65534:qmail alias:/var/qmail/alias:/bin/sh
qmaild:*:71:65534:qmail daemon:/var/qmail:/bin/sh
qmails:*:72:70:qmail send:/var/qmail:/bin/sh
qmailr:*:73:70:qmail remote:/var/qmail:/bin/sh
qmailq:*:74:70:qmail queue:/var/qmail:/bin/sh
qmaill:*:75:65534:qmail log:/var/qmail:/bin/sh
qmailp:*:76:65534:qmail pw:/var/qmail:/bin/sh
mcv21:blah:1000:1000:Matthew Vernon,I8,,:/home/mcv21:/bin/bash
kit:blah:1001:1001:Kit Scorah,Girton,,:/home/kit:/bin/bash
ptc24:blah:1002:1002:Peter Corbett,I7,,:/home/ptc24:/bin/bash
ajb72:blah:1003:1003:Adam Brunning,Girton,,:/home/ajb72:/bin/bash
tajc2:blah:1004:1004:Tom Clapham,Caius College,,:/home/tajc2:/bin/bash
mdwh2:blah:1005:1005:Mark Harman,Tit Hall,,:/home/mdwh2:/bin/bash
apc27:blah:1006:1006:Andrew Cowley,C28,Girton College,338999 (messages):/home/apc27:/bin/bash
jon:blah:1007:1007:Jonathan Amery,Tit Hall,,:/home/jon:/bin/bash
mbm:blah:1008:1008:Matthew Byng-Maddick,C7 Selwyn,,:/home/mbm:/bin/bash
emma:blah:1010:1010:Emma Burt,New Hall,,:/home/emma:/bin/bash
mike:blah:1011:1011:Mike Vernon,,,:/home/mike:/bin/bash
slakko:blah:1013:1013:Duncan Richer,,,:/home/slakko:/bin/bash
# /etc/nsswitch.conf
# Example configuration of GNU Name Service Switch functionality.
# Information about this file is available in the `libc6-doc' package.

passwd:         files
group:          files
shadow:         files

hosts:          files dns
networks:       files

protocols:      db files
services:       db files
ethers:         db files
rpc:            db files

netgroup:       db files
# Internet server configuations for GNU Hurd
ftp		stream	tcp	nowait	root	/libexec/in.ftpd	ftpd -l
telnet		stream	tcp	nowait	root	/libexec/in.telnetd	telnetd -k
shell		stream	tcp	nowait	root	/libexec/in.rshd	rshd -L
login		stream	tcp	nowait	root	/libexec/in.rlogind	rlogind
exec		stream	tcp	nowait	root	/libexec/in.rexecd	rexecd
uucpd		stream	tcp	nowait	root	/libexec/in.uucpd	uucpd
tftp		dgram	udp	wait	root	/libexec/in.ftpd	tftpd
talk		dgram	udp	wait	root	/libexec/in.talkd	talkd
ntalk		dgram	udp	wait	root	/libexec/in.ntalkd	ntalkd
tcpmux		stream	tcp	nowait	root	internal
echo		stream	tcp	nowait	root	internal
discard		stream	tcp	nowait	root	internal
chargen		stream	tcp	nowait	root	internal
daytime		stream	tcp	nowait	root	internal
time		stream	tcp	nowait	root	internal
echo		dgram	udp	wait	root	internal
discard		dgram	udp	wait	root	internal
chargen		dgram	udp	wait	root	internal
daytime		dgram	udp	wait	root	internal
time		dgram	udp	wait	root	internal

# Internet (IP) protocols
#	$Id: protocols,v 1.2 1996/06/17 19:16:28 mib Exp $
# Updated for GNU from RFC 1700, October 1994.
ip	0	IP		# internet protocol, pseudo protocol number
icmp	1	ICMP		# internet control message protocol
igmp	2	IGMP		# Internet Group Management
ggp	3	GGP		# gateway-gateway protocol
ipencap	4	IP-ENCAP ip-encap	# IP encapsulated in IP (officially ``IP'')
st	5	ST		# ST datagram mode
tcp	6	TCP		# transmission control protocol
ucl	7	UCL		# "University College, London" (who knows?)
egp	8	EGP		# exterior gateway protocol
igp	9	IGP		# Any private interior gateway
bbn-rcc-mon	10	BBN-RCC-MON	# BBN RCC Monitoring
nvp-ii	11	NVP-II		# Network Voice Protocol
pup	12	PUP		# PARC universal packet protocol
argus	13	ARGUS		# ARGUS
emcon	14	EMCON		# EMCON
xnet	15	XNET		# Cross Net Debugger
chaos	16	CHAOS		# Chaosnet
udp	17	UDP		# user datagram protocol
mux	18	MUX		# multiplexing
dcn-meas	19	DCN-MEAS	# DCN Measurement Subsystems
hmp	20	HMP		# host monitoring protocol
prm	21	PRM		# packet radio measurement
xns-idp	22	XNS-IDP		# Xerox NS IDP
trunk-1	23	TRUNK-1		# Trunk 1
trunk-2	24	TRUNK-2		# Trunk 2
leaf-1	25	LEAF-1		# Leaf 1
leaf-2	26	LEAF-2		# Leaf 2
rdp	27	RDP		# "reliable datagram" protocol
irtp	28	IRTP		# Internet Reliable Transaction Protocol
iso-tp4	29	ISO-TP4		# ISO Transport Protocol class 4
netblt	30	NETBLT		# Net Bulk Data Transfer
mfe-nsp	31	MFE-NSP		# MFE Network Services Protocol
merit-inp	32	MERIT-INP	# MERIT Internodal Protocol
sep	33	SEP		# Sequential Exchange Protocol
3pc	34	3PC		# Third Party Connect Protocol
idpr	35	IDPR		# Inter-Domain Policy Routing Protocol
xtp	36	XTP		# Xpress Tranfer Protocol
ddp	37	DDP		# Datagram Delivery Protocol
idpr-cmtp	38	IDPR-CMTP	# IDPR Control Message Transport
tp++	39	TP++		# TP++ Transport Protocol
il	40	IL		# IL Transport Protocol
sip	41	SIP		# Simple Internet Protocol
sdrp	42	SDRP		# Source Demand Routing Protocol
sip-sr	43	SIP-SL		# SIP Source Route
sip-frag	44	SIP-FRAG	# SIP Fragment
idrp	45	IDRP		# Inter-Domain Routing Protocol
rsvp	46	RSVP		# Reservation Protocol
gre	47	GRE		# General Routing Encapsulation
mhrp	48	MHRP		# Mobile Host Routing Protocol
bna	49	BNA		# BNA
sipp-esp	50	SIPP-ESP	# SIPP Encap Security Payload
sipp-ah	51	SIPP-AH		# SIPP Authentication Header
i-nlsp	52	I-NLSP		# Integrated Net Layer Security  TUBA
swipe	53	SWIPE		# IP with Encryption
nhrp	54	NHRP		# NBMA Next Hop Resolution

internal	61		# any host internal protocol
cftp	62	CFTP		# CFTP                      
lan	53	LAN		# any local network protocol
sat-expak	64	SAT-EXPAK	# SATNET and Backroom EXPAK
kryptolan	65	KRYPTOLAN	# Kryptolan
rvd	66	RVD		# MIT Remote Virtual Disk Protocol
ippc	67	IPPC		# Internet Pluribus Packet Core
dfs	68	DFS		# any distributed file system
sat-mon	69	SAT-MON		# SATNET Monitoring
visa	70	VISA		# VISA Protocol
ipcv	71	IPCV		# Internet Packet Core Utility
cpnx	72	CPNX		# Computer Protocol Network Executive
cphb	73	CPHB		# Computer Protocol Heart Beat
wsn	74	WSN		# Wang Span Network
pvp	75	PVP		# Packet Video Protocol
br-sat-mon	76	BR-SAT-MON	# Backroom SATNET Monitoring
sun-nd	77	SUN-ND		# SUN ND PROTOCOL-Temporary
wb-mon	78	WB-MON		# WIDEBAND Monitoring
iso-ip	80	ISO-IP		# ISO Internet Protocol
vmtp	81	VMTP		# Versatile Message Transport
secure-vmtp	82	SECURE-VMTP	# SECURE-VMTP
vines	83	VINES		# VINES
ttp	84	TTP		# TTP
nsfnet-igp	85	NSFNET-IGP	# NSFNET-IGP
dgp	86	DGP		# Dissimilar Gateway Protocol
tcf	87	TCF		# TCF
igrp	88	IGRP		# IGRP
ospf	89	OSPFIGP		# Open Shortest Path First IGP
sprite-rpc	90	SPRITE-RPC sprite # Sprite RPC Protocol
larp	91	LARP		# Locus Address Resolution Protocol
mtp	92	MTP		# Multicast Transport Protocol
ax.25	93	AX.25		#  AX.25 Frames
ipip	94	IPIP		# Yet Another IP encapsulation
micp	95	MICP		# Mobile Internetworking Control Pro
scc-sp	96	SCC-SP		# Semaphore Communications Sec. Pro
etherip	97	ETHERIP		# Ethernet-within-IP Encapsulation
encap	98	ENCAP		# Yet Another IP encapsulation
encrypt	99	                # any private encryption scheme
gmtp	100	GMTP		# GMTP
# Network services, Internet style
# Note that it is presently the policy of IANA to assign a single well-known
# port number for both TCP and UDP; hence, most entries here have two entries
# even if the protocol doesn't support UDP operations.
# Updated from RFC 1340, ``Assigned Numbers'' (July 1992).  Not all ports
# are included, only the more common ones.
tcpmux		1/tcp		# TCP port service multiplexer
echo		7/tcp
echo		7/udp
discard		9/tcp		sink null
discard		9/udp		sink null
systat		11/tcp		users
daytime		13/tcp
daytime		13/udp
netstat		15/tcp
qotd		17/tcp		quote
msp		18/tcp		# message send protocol
msp		18/udp		# message send protocol
chargen		19/tcp		ttytst source
chargen		19/udp		ttytst source
ftp-data	20/tcp		# default ftp data port
ftp		21/tcp
# 22 - unassigned
telnet		23/tcp
# 24 - private
smtp		25/tcp		mail
# 26 - unassigned
time		37/tcp		timserver
time		37/udp		timserver
rlp		39/udp		resource	# resource location
nameserver	42/tcp		name		# IEN 116
whois		43/tcp		nicname
domain		53/tcp		nameserver	# name-domain server
domain		53/udp		nameserver
mtp		57/tcp				# deprecated
bootps		67/tcp		# BOOTP server
bootps		67/udp
bootpc		68/tcp		# BOOTP client
bootpc		68/udp
tftp		69/udp
gopher		70/tcp		# Internet Gopher
gopher		70/udp
rje		77/tcp		netrjs
finger		79/tcp
www		80/tcp		http	# WorldWideWeb HTTP
www		80/udp			# HyperText Transfer Protocol
link		87/tcp		ttylink
kerberos	88/tcp		krb5	# Kerberos v5
kerberos	88/udp
supdup		95/tcp
# 100 - reserved
hostnames	101/tcp		hostname	# usually from sri-nic
iso-tsap	102/tcp		tsap		# part of ISODE.
csnet-ns	105/tcp		cso-ns	# also used by CSO name server
csnet-ns	105/udp		cso-ns
rtelnet		107/tcp		# Remote Telnet
rtelnet		107/udp
pop2		109/tcp		postoffice	# POP version 2
pop2		109/udp
pop3		110/tcp		# POP version 3
pop3		110/udp
sunrpc		111/tcp
sunrpc		111/udp
auth		113/tcp		authentication tap ident
sftp		115/tcp
uucp-path	117/tcp
nntp		119/tcp		readnews untp	# USENET News Transfer Protocol
ntp		123/tcp
ntp		123/udp				# Network Time Protocol
netbios-ns	137/tcp				# NETBIOS Name Service
netbios-ns	137/udp
netbios-dgm	138/tcp				# NETBIOS Datagram Service
netbios-dgm	138/udp
netbios-ssn	139/tcp				# NETBIOS session service
netbios-ssn	139/udp
imap2		143/tcp				# Interim Mail Access Proto v2
imap2		143/udp
snmp		161/udp				# Simple Net Mgmt Proto
snmp-trap	162/udp		snmptrap	# Traps for SNMP
cmip-man	163/tcp				# ISO mgmt over IP (CMOT)
cmip-man	163/udp
cmip-agent	164/tcp
cmip-agent	164/udp
xdmcp		177/tcp				# X Display Mgr. Control Proto
xdmcp		177/udp
nextstep	178/tcp		NeXTStep NextStep	# NeXTStep window
nextstep	178/udp		NeXTStep NextStep	# server
bgp		179/tcp				# Border Gateway Proto.
bgp		179/udp
prospero	191/tcp				# Cliff Neuman's Prospero
prospero	191/udp
irc		194/tcp				# Internet Relay Chat
irc		194/udp
smux		199/tcp				# SNMP Unix Multiplexer
smux		199/udp
at-rtmp		201/tcp				# AppleTalk routing
at-rtmp		201/udp
at-nbp		202/tcp				# AppleTalk name binding
at-nbp		202/udp
at-echo		204/tcp				# AppleTalk echo
at-echo		204/udp
at-zis		206/tcp				# AppleTalk zone information
at-zis		206/udp
z3950		210/tcp		wais		# NISO Z39.50 database
z3950		210/udp		wais
ipx		213/tcp				# IPX
ipx		213/udp
imap3		220/tcp				# Interactive Mail Access
imap3		220/udp				# Protocol v3
ulistserv	372/tcp				# UNIX Listserv
ulistserv	372/udp
# UNIX specific services
exec		512/tcp
biff		512/udp		comsat
login		513/tcp
who		513/udp		whod
shell		514/tcp		cmd		# no passwords used
syslog		514/udp
printer		515/tcp		spooler		# line printer spooler
talk		517/udp
ntalk		518/udp
route		520/udp		router routed	# RIP
timed		525/udp		timeserver
tempo		526/tcp		newdate
courier		530/tcp		rpc
conference	531/tcp		chat
netnews		532/tcp		readnews
netwall		533/udp				# -for emergency broadcasts
uucp		540/tcp		uucpd		# uucp daemon
remotefs	556/tcp		rfs_server rfs	# Brunhoff remote filesystem
webster		765/tcp				# Network dictionary
webster		765/udp
# From ``Assigned Numbers'':
#> The Registered Ports are not controlled by the IANA and on most systems
#> can be used by ordinary user processes or programs executed by ordinary
#> users.
#> Ports are used in the TCP [45,106] to name the ends of logical
#> connections which carry long term conversations.  For the purpose of
#> providing services to unknown callers, a service contact port is
#> defined.  This list specifies the port used by the server process as its
#> contact port.  While the IANA can not control uses of these ports it
#> does register or list uses of these ports as a convienence to the
#> community.
ingreslock	1524/tcp
ingreslock	1524/udp
prospero-np	1525/tcp		# Prospero non-privileged
prospero-np	1525/udp
rfe		5002/tcp		# Radio Free Ethernet
rfe		5002/udp		# Actually uses UDP only
# Kerberos (Project Athena/MIT) services
# Note that these are for Kerberos v4, and are unofficial.  Sites running
# v4 should uncomment these and comment out the v5 entries above.
klogin		543/tcp			# Kerberos `rlogin'
kshell		544/tcp		krcmd	# Kerberos `rsh'
kerberos-adm	749/tcp			# Kerberos `kadmin' (v5)
#kerberos	750/udp		kdc	# Kerberos (server) udp
#kerberos	750/tcp		kdc	# Kerberos (server) tcp
krbupdate	760/tcp		kreg	# Kerberos registration
kpasswd		761/tcp		kpwd	# Kerberos `passwd'
eklogin		2105/tcp		# Kerberos encrypted `rlogin'
# Unofficial but necessary (for NetBSD) services
supfilesrv	871/tcp			# SUP server
supfiledbg	1127/tcp		# SUP debugging
# GNU Finger services
cfinger		2003/tcp		# GNU's finger data collection point
ofinger		1023/tcp		# OS Issue finger daemon
# Programs to be maintained on terminal lines.  init runs these programs,
# and restartsthem when they die.  Note that in GNU, unlike in BSD, there
# is no need to list pseudo-ttys here.

# name	program				type	status	comments

console	"/libexec/getty 9600"		mach	on	secure trusted console
#com0	"/libexec/getty 9600"		dialup	on	secure


Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: ftp/tcp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: telnet/tcp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: shell/tcp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: login/tcp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: exec/tcp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: uucpd/tcp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: tftp/udp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: talk/udp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: ntalk/udp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: tcpmux/tcp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: echo/tcp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: discard/tcp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: chargen/tcp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: daytime/tcp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: time/tcp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: echo/udp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: discard/udp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: chargen/udp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: daytime/udp: socket: Protocol family not supported
Nov 14 16:42:18  inetd[109]: time/udp: socket: Protocol family not supported

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