Re: ssh-vs-rsh benchmark result
Le vendredi 30 août 2002 09:46 -0400, Adam C Powell IV écrivait:
> Rewinding to the original post, I have a fundamental question:
> Is my basic understanding sound, or does ssh send the session info, X
> stuff, etc. in the clear? Or does this not add significant computation
> time, e.g. on the order of what the kernel uses to get the packets out
> through the NIC? Has anyone seen/done relevant benchmarks which would
> test the magnitude of this effect?
SSH encrypts the whole connection. And it's very CPU intensive. Here are
a few results I obtained when I did some tests :
Configuration : file transfer from an AlphaServer ES40 with 4 EV67 to an
SGI Origin 2000 with 4 MIPS CPU through a HiPPI network. The
pseudo-benchmarks were done on a busy machine, so they're not really
Transfer of a 1 GB file in chunks of 512 KB :
dd if=/dev/zero bs=524288 count=2048 | R_COMMAND origin2000 "cat > /dev/null"
The results are the following :
With R_COMMAND == rsh : ~ 50-60 MB/s
With R_COMMAND == ssh -c 3des : ~ 1-2 MB/s !!!
With R_COMMAND == ssh -c blowfish : ~ 4-6 MB/s !!!
Clearly, SSH is a real hog on performance. While doing the tests, I also
noticed that a full CPU was busy on the slowest machine (SGI) while
doing the transfer. The other one was 35% busy... The bottleneck is now
the CPU and not the network. Even with a faster algorithm (blowfish
instead of 3des), ssh is 10 times slower than rsh and uses a lot of CPU
Maybe the processors on the SGI are old and not up to the task (I think
they are 250 MHz CPUs). Maybe you can still saturate a 100Mb Ethernet
with a Pentium IV machine with SSH, but the CPU price seems high.
Those "benchmarks" were done with file transfers, but it seems that with
a parallel program with a lot of communications, it is a bad idea to use
SSH to do the communication.
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