Re: How to hibernate from the command line without typing password
On Tue, 8 Dec 2009 11:02:11 +0000
chombee <email@example.com> wrote:
> On Sun, Dec 06, 2009 at 02:10:38PM -0500, Celejar wrote:
> > On Sun, 6 Dec 2009 14:57:21 +0000
> > chombee <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
> > ...
> > > Gnome desktop. You can send a signal via dbus asking for the computer to
> > > be hibernated with the following command:
> > >
> > > dbus-send --session --dest=org.freedesktop.PowerManagement --type=method_call /org/freedesktop/PowerManagement org.freedesktop.PowerM anagement.Hibernate
> > ...
> > > I also saved the command as an executable script called 'hibernate' so
> > > that I can hibernate from the command line by just typing hibernate.
> > I don't recall the earlier thread, but what's wrong with the
> > 'hibernate' command from the 'acpi-support' package, or 's2disk' from
> > the 'usswsusp' package?
> I have acpi-support installed but don't seem to have a hibernate
> command, could take a closer look at the package I guess. I also have
Sorry, my mistake - it's in the package 'hibernate'.
> usswsusp installed but I think the s2disk command must be run with sudo,
> so you have to type your password.
Of course it must be run as root - why would a linux system allow an
arbitrary user the power to suspend the system! If you want to avoid
typing a password, then you need to configure sudo to allow your user
to use that command without a password. This is what Xfce, for
"I'm unable to shutdown or restart my computer when running Xfce.
There are two way to fix this: sudo and hal/dbus. Default starting from
version 4.4 is hal.
You have to allow the user(s) to execute
$installdir/libexec/xfsm-shutdown-helper with sudo. Install sudo and
run visudo (root) and add the following line (replace prefix with the
%users ALL = NOPASSWD:<prefix>/libexec/xfsm-shutdown-helper
Add the user to the users group (root):
gpasswd -a <username> users
When you logout and login again, the shutdown and restart buttons
should be sensitive. For more information you can referrer to the
xfce4-session and sudo documentation.
Using hal and dbus
Make sure that the hal and dbus daemons are started on boot, and that
you are running a recent version of dbus (at least 1.1). Refer to your
distribution for exact steps.
In the steps below the groupname “power” is used. This is DEPENDING ON
Your /etc/dbus-1/system.d/hal.conf should contain a section similar to this:
Add the user to the power group (root):
gpasswd -a <username> power
When you logout and login again, the shutdown and restart buttons should be sensitive.
As you can see above, the dbus method that you're using also requires a
dbus policy + adding yourself to a specific group.
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