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Re: New install and newbie questions



On Fri, Feb 17, 2006 at 07:46:36PM -0700, Charles wrote:
> I've just downloaded and installed the "sarge" distribution on a computer I use for a test bed.  Since I'm used to hosing this box and reinstalling to learn more, most of the hardware present is fairly generic and well supported across both Linux and Windows.
> 
> So far, I have network connectivity and throughput on my DSL router for broadband access.  I have a basic load of applications installed.  Mozilla works fine, so the desktop, GUI, and network connectivity are OK.
> 
> The character-based installation threw me for a loop, and I have rather a few more questions based on previous, now false, assumptions.
> 
> 1)  Is there a command line or series of command lines that will update the fresh installation with all outstanding security updates?  I've become accustomed to using urpmi, and this is different.  What I would llike to do is issue these lines to insure I have an up-to-date system.
> 
Check your /etc/apt/sources.list and then issue apt-get update ; apt-get
upgrade

Others have possibly given you the appropriate lines.

> 2)  Same as #1, but for bug fixes on installed packages.
> 
See above.

> 3)  What can I do with the 14 CD's and two update CD's in order to integrate them into the system?  The default GUI is going to be set to KDE, and KDE has kpackage which I remember from previous distributions and which also recognizes the Debian format.  My eventual interest is in being able to install and remove packages on the fly, and I understand the 14 CD's comprise all the software available and specifically modified for Debian.

apt-cdrom add 

and feed the CD's in. That will put them at the top of
your /etc/apt/sources.list - which means that they will be the first
source searched and apt will prompt you to insert e.g. CD 1
Very useful if you have no net connectivity or are doing an initial
install far from the 'Net.

If you have broadband, you may just want to update straight from the
'Net :)

apt-get install x-window-system kde kdm 

for example will install all of X windows, a KDE metapackage which
subsumes most of KDE and kdm to replace xdm or gdm.
> 
> 4)  Is there an online resource that will start walking me through the differences between Debian and, say, Redhat, Mandrake, Suse, or other distributions?

Two main differences :)

<Zealot> Debian does dependencies right: apt-get and others download the 
right packages in the right order. No more .rpm hell </Zealot>

That, and, of course the commitment to Free/Libre software (and the
consequent flame wars :) )

Have fun,

Andy



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