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# Re: RH Veteran is now a Debian Newbie

On Tue, Jan 06, 2004 at 05:18:08AM -0500, Michael B Allen wrote:
| Hello,
|
| I just got a "linode" UML VPS over at linode.com and booted debian 3.0r1
| 2.2.24 on it. I've been using RH 7.3 and it's been a very solid distro
| for me but I feel like I'm being left behind at this point. Whenever I
| update a package I have to get the source from their latest packages
| and rebuild.

Back when I used RedHat I always found it to be a pain the way you
have to manually track down, and rebuild, package depedencies.

| So I thought I'd try debian as it seems a little more consistent.
| Is this true?

Debian includes all of its packages in one place, and automatically
builds all of them.  Using apt (aptitude is a good visual front-end)
you won't have to track down dependencies of a given package when you

| Is 3.0r1 glibc 2.3.

| How is support for UTF-8 locales?

| Etc.

| What surprises can a RH user expect?

All config files are located in /etc.  You won't find any in /usr,
/usr/local, or /var.

Documentation for a given package FOO is in /usr/share/doc/FOO.

init scripts are all found in /etc/init.d the runlevel start and kill
symlinks are all found in /etc/rcN.d.

Runlevels 0, 1, and 6 are identical to RH's (halt, single-user and
reboot; though I don't remember which is 0 and which is 6).  However,
by default debian has levels 2, 3, 4, and 5 identical.  If you want
them to be different, it is up to you to make them have whatever
meaning you want.  (for example, my workstation only uses runlevel 2
but the laptop at work uses 2 for "normal" (powered) mode and 3 for
"battery" mode (no daemons, no automatic running of X))

These are the main differences you'll run into that stick out in my
head.  I'm sure there are others that I don't remember at the moment.

| Off to read about dpkg ....

Not a bad start.  Note that dpkg is the counterpart to rpm.  However,
on a debian system you won't be using dpkg most of the time.  Instead
you will use apt (Advanced Package Tracking ?) via a frontend such as
Instead, apt handles that and then instructs dpkg to install (or
remove) packages according to what you have told it.

HTH,
-D

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