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Re: changing roots on: dpkg -i

Rob Benton <rob.benton@conwaycorp.net> writes:

> I'm trying to install the xfree86 packages with the /opt directory as
> root.  I've tried using --instdir but the install fails on the
> pre/postinst scripts.  Is there an easy way to do this without having to
> build my own package?

No.  In general, dpkg's options to "change the root" are useful if you
have a chroot environment, or if you somehow otherwise have a complete
working system installed somewhere other than / (e.g., you're booted
off of a rescue CD and your hard disk is mounted on /target or
something).  The best you could do with this approach is install X
stuff in /opt/usr/X11R6/..., and even that wouldn't work because the X
server will do things like look for its configuration file in /etc/X11
(and has, in the Debian build, never heard of /opt).

As far as X goes, IMHO the easiest way to get an XFree86 4.3 X server
(because that's what you're really after, right?) is to download the
Xxserv.tgz and Xmod.tgz binary tarballs from xfree86.org, unpack them
somewhere like /usr/local, and repoint the /etc/X11/X symlink to point
to them.  There are also various backports, plus the ~official Debian
experimental packages; search the list archives for details.  Debian
in general "doesn't believe in /opt", and relocatable binaries are a
hard problem that's not real high on the dpkg feature list.

David Maze         dmaze@debian.org      http://people.debian.org/~dmaze/
"Theoretical politics is interesting.  Politicking should be illegal."
	-- Abra Mitchell

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