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Re: Debian Font Guide for Newbies and the Confused

Rob Weir, great guide, thanks!

Two questions though from someone with no fonts understanding.  It
seems assumed that:

	FontPath      "unix/:7100"                    # local font server

is right out? (I think someone in this thread mentioned a font server
not being necessary for "most users")

Also, one of the debconf messages told me to put:

	FontPath    "/var/lib/defoma/x-ttcidfont-conf.d/dirs/CID"

along with the TrueType path you mentioned in your guide.  Again
it seems assumed this is either undesired or needless?


->>In response to your message<<-
  --received from Rob Weir--
> ========================================================================
> A very short guide to setting up fonts for X in Debian.  It assumes
> XFree86 4.1 or more recent, and explains how to setup fontconfig and
> Xft1.
> 1) Install x-ttcidfont-conf and defoma
> 2) Add a line like this to /etc/X11/XF86Config-4, in the "Files" section
>         FontPath        "/var/lib/defoma/x-ttcidfont-conf.d/dirs/TrueType"
>    Adding it at the top of the list is probably a good idea.  This line
>    will setup XFree86 to use any TrueType fonts you install from Debian
>    packages.  If you install a new set of TrueType fonts while in X, run
>    "xset fp rehash" to get XFree86 to look at the contents of that
>    directory again and to pickup new ones.
> 3) Move this line to the bottom of the list of FontPaths
>         FontPath        "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/Type1"
>    XFree86 does a rather poor job of rendering Type1 fonts these days,
>    and if this is above your better looking fonts, you can get a some
>    pretty ugly results.
> 4) Add :unscaled to the end of the 100dpi and 75dpi font lines, so they
>    look like this
>         FontPath        "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/100dpi:unscaled"
>         FontPath        "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/75dpi:unscaled"
>    Without the ":unscaled" bit, XFree86 will try to scale these bitmap
>    fonts up and down, which usually looks rather horrible.
> And, after all that, my Files section looks like this:
> Section "Files"
>         FontPath        "/var/lib/defoma/x-ttcidfont-conf.d/dirs/TrueType"
>         FontPath        "/usr/share/fonts/truetype"
>         FontPath        "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/CID"
>         FontPath        "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/Speedo"
>         FontPath        "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/misc"
>         FontPath        "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/cyrillic"
>         FontPath        "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/100dpi:unscaled"
>         FontPath        "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/75dpi:unscaled"
>         FontPath        "/usr/lib/X11/fonts/Type1"
> EndSection
> Now that it's all setup, install some font packages.  ttf-bitstream-vera
> is a rather nice set of fonts, and is Free enough to go into Debian
> itself.  It's not in woody yet, but you can download the .deb from
> http://http.us.debian.org/debian/pool/main/t/ttf-bitstream-vera/ttf-bitstream-vera_1.10-3_all.deb
> (or your local mirror) and install it with "dpkg -i
> ttf-bitstream-vera_1.10-3_all.deb" (as root).  sid and sarge users are
> just an "apt-get install ttf-bitstream-vera" away from it.  Another
> option is ttf-freefont, which is in all three current versions of
> Debian.
> Another alternative is to install Microsoft's Corefonts.  They removed
> the the fonts from their website, but the msttcorefonts package will
> download them for you from a mirror.  Note that these are NOT Free (in
> the Debian sense), but you're permitted to at least use and download
> them.
> Both of these packages (and the other ttf-* packages in Debian) should
> now Just Work, and appear available to all X programs that use the
> regular "core" font system.  This includes things like xterm, emacs and
> most other non-KDE and non-GNOME applications.
> Now, run "xfontsel" and select either "Microsoft" or "Bitstream" in the
> fndry menu (click on the word "fndry").  Now look at the ungrayed out
> entries in the "fmly" menu.  You should have a bunch of either Microsoft
> fonts (Verdana, Trebuchet, etc) or some Bitstream ones (or both).
> For KDE2.2 and GNOME1.4 (with libgdkxft0, which is a hack to get GTK
> 1.2 to do anti-aliased font rendering), you need to setup Xft1, as
> well.  Xft1 is highly deprecated, and is basically only used by
> GNOME1.4 and KDE2.2.  For GNOME2 and KDE3, you need to setup
> "fontconfig" which Xft2 uses to find fonts.  I'll get to that in a
> minute.
> Edit /etc/X11/XftConfig and add a line like
>         dir "/var/lib/defoma/x-ttcidfont-conf.d/dirs/TrueType"
> before the other dir lines.  I don't have any xft1 stuff on my machine
> anymore, so I'm not sure if you need to restart X or not before this
> change will take effect.  I seem to remember that "xftcache" would
> update the Xft1 cache, but it'd be good if someone could confirm that
> for me.
> Now, for fontconfig.  You shouldn't need to install anything extra for
> this, since all the packages using fontconfig will Depend on it
> (indirectly) already.  First, look in /etc/fonts/fonts.conf.  There
> should be a line like the one below.  If not, open up
> /etc/fonts/local.conf and add this
>         <dir>/var/lib/defoma/x-ttcidfont-conf.d/dirs/TrueType</dir>
> just after the <fontconfig> line.
> Fontconfig should pick these up immediately, and "fc-list" should list
> your new fonts.  Another neat feature of fontconfig is that you can just
> drop fonts in ~/.fonts/ and all your fontconfigified programs will have
> access to them immediately.
> -- 
> Rob Weir <rweir@ertius.org> | mlspam@ertius.org  |  Do I look like I want a CC?
> Words of the day:     Ft. Knox arrangements beanpole UOP Legion of Doom Echelon
> Hi, VeriSign!                          bob@74a2438296bc89632469e1e1321f28f3.com

Paul Yeatman       (858) 534-9896        pyeatman@ucsd.edu
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