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[SRM] etch-n-half late git-core update permission (Was: [PATCH 0/5] add pack index v2 reading capability to git v1.4.4.4)



On jeu, jui 17, 2008 at 11:25:41 +0000, Gerrit Pape wrote:
> On Wed, Jul 16, 2008 at 10:04:18AM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> > Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> writes:
> > > On Wed, 16 Jul 2008, Nicolas Pitre wrote:
> > >> Junio: if you could just apply them, tag the result as v1.4.4.5 and
> > >> push it out then at that point it simply will be up to Debian to make
> > >> it available as a "major usability fix".
> > >
> > > Actually, it fixes a crash. Didn't 1.4.4 SIGSEGV without this on pack-v2?
> > >
> > > So you don't even have to sell it as a usability issue, but literally as a 
> > > bugfix.
> > 
> > It's tagged and pushed out to both kernel.org and repo.or.cz.  Thanks, Nico.
> > 
> > I won't be doing my usual full release engineering on this one, but I did:
> 
> Hi Junio, thanks a lot for caring that much about Debian and its users.
> You're really a great upstream, a pleasure to work with.
> 
> Unfortunately I'm quite short on time currently, and heading up to
> Sweden on the weekend for a 3-weeks vacation.  So I can't handle this
> topic right now, maybe Pierre can jump in.
> 
> Hi Pierre, not sure whether you followed this discussion, short summary:
> With git changing the default pack.indexversion to 2, repos with that
> index version cannot be cloned by etch's git-core 1.4.4.4-2 through dumb
> transfer protocols.  It might be worth to include a fix for 1.4.4.4 into
> an etch point release, a segmentation fault has been reported (hopyfully
> not exploitable, I didn't look).  For details, please see these threads
> 
>  http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.git/76650/focus=88402
>  http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.git/88641
> 
> Would it be possible for you to handle this issue while I'm on vacation?

  Okay, I asked permission to some SRMs that weren't shocked by this
late update, and I'd be really glad if the updated git-core could sneak
in.

  $ debdiff git-core_1.4.4.4-2.dsc git-core_1.4.4.4-3.dsc|lsdiff
  git-core-1.4.4.4/debian/changelog
  git-core-1.4.4.4/debian/diff/support-packs-v2.diff

  $ debdiff git-core_1.4.4.4-2.dsc git-core_1.4.4.4-3.dsc|filterdiff -x '*/debian/diff/*'
  diff -u git-core-1.4.4.4/debian/changelog git-core-1.4.4.4/debian/changelog
  --- git-core-1.4.4.4/debian/changelog
  +++ git-core-1.4.4.4/debian/changelog
  @@ -1,3 +1,12 @@
  +git-core (1:1.4.4.4-3) stable; urgency=low
  +
  +  * Non-maintainer upload with maintainer permission.
  +  * Merge upstream 1.4.4.5 tag as debian/diff/support-packs-v2.diff so that
  +    Debian stable can cope with packs v2 through dumb transports. Thanks a lot
  +    to the upstream that provided the minimal series specifically for Debian.
  +
  + -- Pierre Habouzit <madcoder@debian.org>  Mon, 21 Jul 2008 11:59:02 +0200
  +

  diff/support-packs-v2.diff is attached if you want to review it, but
it passes git test-suite that is pretty exhaustive, and the new code is
only used when the remote pack index format version is 2 (which is not
yet default upstream, but will be in lenny e.g.). For those who care,
the real series is 5 patches long, and can be reviewed on kernel.org
gitweb (or on gmane, see Gerrit's links above).

  I'd be really glad that this update can sneak in, else etch git-core
will be unusable for dumb transports (http e.g.) for recent
repositories, which is quite unfortunate.

  The package builds fine, and is ready to be uploaded to s-p-u if it's
ACKed.


-- 
·O·  Pierre Habouzit
··O                                                madcoder@debian.org
OOO                                                http://www.madism.org
 builtin-count-objects.c |    2 +-
 builtin-pack-objects.c  |   44 ++++++++---
 cache.h                 |    9 +-
 fsck-objects.c          |   11 +--
 pack-check.c            |   23 +++---
 pack-redundant.c        |   30 ++++----
 pack.h                  |   28 +++++++
 sha1_file.c             |  191 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
 sha1_name.c             |   18 ++--
 9 files changed, 236 insertions(+), 120 deletions(-)

diff --git a/builtin-count-objects.c b/builtin-count-objects.c
index 73c5982..7795a63 100644
--- a/builtin-count-objects.c
+++ b/builtin-count-objects.c
@@ -110,7 +110,7 @@ int cmd_count_objects(int ac, const char **av, const char *prefix)
 		for (p = packed_git; p; p = p->next) {
 			if (!p->pack_local)
 				continue;
-			packed += num_packed_objects(p);
+			packed += p->num_objects;
 		}
 		printf("count: %lu\n", loose);
 		printf("size: %lu\n", loose_size / 2);
diff --git a/builtin-pack-objects.c b/builtin-pack-objects.c
index 69e5dd3..5198563 100644
--- a/builtin-pack-objects.c
+++ b/builtin-pack-objects.c
@@ -168,16 +168,37 @@ static int cmp_offset(const void *a_, const void *b_)
 static void prepare_pack_revindex(struct pack_revindex *rix)
 {
 	struct packed_git *p = rix->p;
-	int num_ent = num_packed_objects(p);
+	int num_ent = p->num_objects;
 	int i;
-	void *index = p->index_base + 256;
+	const char *index = p->index_data;
 
 	rix->revindex = xmalloc(sizeof(*rix->revindex) * (num_ent + 1));
-	for (i = 0; i < num_ent; i++) {
-		unsigned int hl = *((unsigned int *)((char *) index + 24*i));
-		rix->revindex[i].offset = ntohl(hl);
-		rix->revindex[i].nr = i;
+	index += 4 * 256;
+
+	if (p->index_version > 1) {
+		const uint32_t *off_32 =
+			(uint32_t *)(index + 8 + p->num_objects * (20 + 4));
+		const uint32_t *off_64 = off_32 + p->num_objects;
+		for (i = 0; i < num_ent; i++) {
+			uint32_t off = ntohl(*off_32++);
+			if (!(off & 0x80000000)) {
+				rix->revindex[i].offset = off;
+			} else {
+				rix->revindex[i].offset =
+					((uint64_t)ntohl(*off_64++)) << 32;
+				rix->revindex[i].offset |=
+					ntohl(*off_64++);
+			}
+			rix->revindex[i].nr = i;
+		}
+	} else {
+		for (i = 0; i < num_ent; i++) {
+			uint32_t hl = *((uint32_t *)(index + 24 * i));
+			rix->revindex[i].offset = ntohl(hl);
+			rix->revindex[i].nr = i;
+		}
 	}
+
 	/* This knows the pack format -- the 20-byte trailer
 	 * follows immediately after the last object data.
 	 */
@@ -201,7 +222,7 @@ static struct revindex_entry * find_packed_object(struct packed_git *p,
 		prepare_pack_revindex(rix);
 	revindex = rix->revindex;
 	lo = 0;
-	hi = num_packed_objects(p) + 1;
+	hi = p->num_objects + 1;
 	do {
 		int mi = (lo + hi) / 2;
 		if (revindex[mi].offset == ofs) {
@@ -222,11 +243,11 @@ static unsigned long find_packed_object_size(struct packed_git *p,
 	return entry[1].offset - ofs;
 }
 
-static unsigned char *find_packed_object_name(struct packed_git *p,
-					      unsigned long ofs)
+static const unsigned char *find_packed_object_name(struct packed_git *p,
+						    unsigned long ofs)
 {
 	struct revindex_entry *entry = find_packed_object(p, ofs);
-	return (unsigned char *)(p->index_base + 256) + 24 * entry->nr + 4;
+	return nth_packed_object_sha1(p, entry->nr);
 }
 
 static void *delta_against(void *buf, unsigned long size, struct object_entry *entry)
@@ -959,7 +980,8 @@ static void check_object(struct object_entry *entry)
 		 * delta.
 		 */
 		if (!no_reuse_delta) {
-			unsigned char c, *base_name;
+			unsigned char c;
+			const unsigned char *base_name;
 			unsigned long ofs;
 			/* there is at least 20 bytes left in the pack */
 			switch (entry->in_pack_type) {
diff --git a/cache.h b/cache.h
index a0e9727..1bcc7c1 100644
--- a/cache.h
+++ b/cache.h
@@ -334,8 +334,10 @@ extern struct packed_git {
 	struct packed_git *next;
 	unsigned long index_size;
 	unsigned long pack_size;
-	unsigned int *index_base;
+	const void *index_data;
 	void *pack_base;
+	unsigned int num_objects;
+	int index_version;
 	unsigned int pack_last_used;
 	unsigned int pack_use_cnt;
 	int pack_local;
@@ -374,7 +376,7 @@ extern int server_supports(const char *feature);
 
 extern struct packed_git *parse_pack_index(unsigned char *sha1);
 extern struct packed_git *parse_pack_index_file(const unsigned char *sha1,
-						char *idx_path);
+						const char *idx_path);
 
 extern void prepare_packed_git(void);
 extern void reprepare_packed_git(void);
@@ -386,8 +388,7 @@ extern struct packed_git *find_sha1_pack(const unsigned char *sha1,
 extern int use_packed_git(struct packed_git *);
 extern void unuse_packed_git(struct packed_git *);
 extern struct packed_git *add_packed_git(char *, int, int);
-extern int num_packed_objects(const struct packed_git *p);
-extern int nth_packed_object_sha1(const struct packed_git *, int, unsigned char*);
+extern const unsigned char *nth_packed_object_sha1(const struct packed_git *, unsigned int);
 extern unsigned long find_pack_entry_one(const unsigned char *, struct packed_git *);
 extern void *unpack_entry_gently(struct packed_git *, unsigned long, char *, unsigned long *);
 extern unsigned long unpack_object_header_gently(const unsigned char *buf, unsigned long len, enum object_type *type, unsigned long *sizep);
diff --git a/fsck-objects.c b/fsck-objects.c
index 46b628c..bdbca54 100644
--- a/fsck-objects.c
+++ b/fsck-objects.c
@@ -289,7 +289,7 @@ static int fsck_tag(struct tag *tag)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int fsck_sha1(unsigned char *sha1)
+static int fsck_sha1(const unsigned char *sha1)
 {
 	struct object *obj = parse_object(sha1);
 	if (!obj)
@@ -550,12 +550,9 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
 			verify_pack(p, 0);
 
 		for (p = packed_git; p; p = p->next) {
-			int num = num_packed_objects(p);
-			for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
-				unsigned char sha1[20];
-				nth_packed_object_sha1(p, i, sha1);
-				fsck_sha1(sha1);
-			}
+			int num = p->num_objects;
+			for (i = 0; i < num; i++)
+				fsck_sha1(nth_packed_object_sha1(p, i));
 		}
 	}
 
diff --git a/pack-check.c b/pack-check.c
index 8e123b7..578f59e 100644
--- a/pack-check.c
+++ b/pack-check.c
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
 static int verify_packfile(struct packed_git *p)
 {
 	unsigned long index_size = p->index_size;
-	void *index_base = p->index_base;
+	const unsigned char *index_base = p->index_data;
 	SHA_CTX ctx;
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
 	struct pack_header *hdr;
@@ -22,10 +22,10 @@ static int verify_packfile(struct packed_git *p)
 		return error("Packfile version %d unsupported",
 			     ntohl(hdr->hdr_version));
 	nr_objects = ntohl(hdr->hdr_entries);
-	if (num_packed_objects(p) != nr_objects)
+	if (p->num_objects != nr_objects)
 		return error("Packfile claims to have %d objects, "
 			     "while idx size expects %d", nr_objects,
-			     num_packed_objects(p));
+			     p->num_objects);
 
 	/* Check integrity of pack data with its SHA-1 checksum */
 	SHA1_Init(&ctx);
@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ static int verify_packfile(struct packed_git *p)
 	if (hashcmp(sha1, (unsigned char *)(p->pack_base) + p->pack_size - 20))
 		return error("Packfile %s SHA1 mismatch with itself",
 			     p->pack_name);
-	if (hashcmp(sha1, (unsigned char *)index_base + index_size - 40))
+	if (hashcmp(sha1, index_base + index_size - 40))
 		return error("Packfile %s SHA1 mismatch with idx",
 			     p->pack_name);
 
@@ -51,12 +51,13 @@ static int verify_packfile(struct packed_git *p)
 	 * we do not do scan-streaming check on the pack file.
 	 */
 	for (i = err = 0; i < nr_objects; i++) {
-		unsigned char sha1[20];
+		const unsigned char *sha1;
 		void *data;
 		char type[20];
 		unsigned long size, offset;
 
-		if (nth_packed_object_sha1(p, i, sha1))
+		sha1 = nth_packed_object_sha1(p, i);
+		if (!sha1)
 			die("internal error pack-check nth-packed-object");
 		offset = find_pack_entry_one(sha1, p);
 		if (!offset)
@@ -93,14 +94,16 @@ static void show_pack_info(struct packed_git *p)
 	memset(chain_histogram, 0, sizeof(chain_histogram));
 
 	for (i = 0; i < nr_objects; i++) {
-		unsigned char sha1[20], base_sha1[20];
+		const unsigned char *sha1;
+		unsigned char base_sha1[20];
 		char type[20];
 		unsigned long size;
 		unsigned long store_size;
 		unsigned long offset;
 		unsigned int delta_chain_length;
 
-		if (nth_packed_object_sha1(p, i, sha1))
+		sha1 = nth_packed_object_sha1(p, i);
+		if (!sha1)
 			die("internal error pack-check nth-packed-object");
 		offset = find_pack_entry_one(sha1, p);
 		if (!offset)
@@ -136,7 +139,7 @@ static void show_pack_info(struct packed_git *p)
 int verify_pack(struct packed_git *p, int verbose)
 {
 	unsigned long index_size = p->index_size;
-	void *index_base = p->index_base;
+	const unsigned char *index_base = p->index_data;
 	SHA_CTX ctx;
 	unsigned char sha1[20];
 	int ret;
@@ -146,7 +149,7 @@ int verify_pack(struct packed_git *p, int verbose)
 	SHA1_Init(&ctx);
 	SHA1_Update(&ctx, index_base, index_size - 20);
 	SHA1_Final(sha1, &ctx);
-	if (hashcmp(sha1, (unsigned char *)index_base + index_size - 20))
+	if (hashcmp(sha1, index_base + index_size - 20))
 		ret = error("Packfile index for %s SHA1 mismatch",
 			    p->pack_name);
 
diff --git a/pack-redundant.c b/pack-redundant.c
index edb5524..83812f3 100644
--- a/pack-redundant.c
+++ b/pack-redundant.c
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@ static int load_all_packs, verbose, alt_odb;
 
 struct llist_item {
 	struct llist_item *next;
-	unsigned char *sha1;
+	const unsigned char *sha1;
 };
 static struct llist {
 	struct llist_item *front;
@@ -104,9 +104,9 @@ static struct llist * llist_copy(struct llist *list)
 	return ret;
 }
 
-static inline struct llist_item * llist_insert(struct llist *list,
-					       struct llist_item *after,
-					       unsigned char *sha1)
+static inline struct llist_item *llist_insert(struct llist *list,
+					      struct llist_item *after,
+					       const unsigned char *sha1)
 {
 	struct llist_item *new = llist_item_get();
 	new->sha1 = sha1;
@@ -128,12 +128,14 @@ static inline struct llist_item * llist_insert(struct llist *list,
 	return new;
 }
 
-static inline struct llist_item *llist_insert_back(struct llist *list, unsigned char *sha1)
+static inline struct llist_item *llist_insert_back(struct llist *list,
+						   const unsigned char *sha1)
 {
 	return llist_insert(list, list->back, sha1);
 }
 
-static inline struct llist_item *llist_insert_sorted_unique(struct llist *list, unsigned char *sha1, struct llist_item *hint)
+static inline struct llist_item *llist_insert_sorted_unique(struct llist *list,
+			const unsigned char *sha1, struct llist_item *hint)
 {
 	struct llist_item *prev = NULL, *l;
 
@@ -246,12 +248,12 @@ static struct pack_list * pack_list_difference(const struct pack_list *A,
 static void cmp_two_packs(struct pack_list *p1, struct pack_list *p2)
 {
 	int p1_off, p2_off;
-	unsigned char *p1_base, *p2_base;
+	const unsigned char *p1_base, *p2_base;
 	struct llist_item *p1_hint = NULL, *p2_hint = NULL;
 
 	p1_off = p2_off = 256 * 4 + 4;
-	p1_base = (unsigned char *) p1->pack->index_base;
-	p2_base = (unsigned char *) p2->pack->index_base;
+	p1_base = p1->pack->index_data;
+	p2_base = p2->pack->index_data;
 
 	while (p1_off <= p1->pack->index_size - 3 * 20 &&
 	       p2_off <= p2->pack->index_size - 3 * 20)
@@ -351,11 +353,11 @@ static size_t sizeof_union(struct packed_git *p1, struct packed_git *p2)
 {
 	size_t ret = 0;
 	int p1_off, p2_off;
-	unsigned char *p1_base, *p2_base;
+	const unsigned char *p1_base, *p2_base;
 
 	p1_off = p2_off = 256 * 4 + 4;
-	p1_base = (unsigned char *)p1->index_base;
-	p2_base = (unsigned char *)p2->index_base;
+	p1_base = p1->index_data;
+	p2_base = p2->index_data;
 
 	while (p1_off <= p1->index_size - 3 * 20 &&
 	       p2_off <= p2->index_size - 3 * 20)
@@ -534,7 +536,7 @@ static struct pack_list * add_pack(struct packed_git *p)
 {
 	struct pack_list l;
 	size_t off;
-	unsigned char *base;
+	const unsigned char *base;
 
 	if (!p->pack_local && !(alt_odb || verbose))
 		return NULL;
@@ -543,7 +545,7 @@ static struct pack_list * add_pack(struct packed_git *p)
 	llist_init(&l.all_objects);
 
 	off = 256 * 4 + 4;
-	base = (unsigned char *)p->index_base;
+	base = p->index_data;
 	while (off <= p->index_size - 3 * 20) {
 		llist_insert_back(l.all_objects, base + off);
 		off += 24;
diff --git a/pack.h b/pack.h
index 4814800..e0051fd 100644
--- a/pack.h
+++ b/pack.h
@@ -15,5 +15,33 @@ struct pack_header {
 	unsigned int hdr_entries;
 };
 
+/*
+ * The first four bytes of index formats later than version 1 should
+ * start with this signature, as all older git binaries would find this
+ * value illegal and abort reading the file.
+ *
+ * This is the case because the number of objects in a packfile
+ * cannot exceed 1,431,660,000 as every object would need at least
+ * 3 bytes of data and the overall packfile cannot exceed 4 GiB with
+ * version 1 of the index file due to the offsets limited to 32 bits.
+ * Clearly the signature exceeds this maximum.
+ *
+ * Very old git binaries will also compare the first 4 bytes to the
+ * next 4 bytes in the index and abort with a "non-monotonic index"
+ * error if the second 4 byte word is smaller than the first 4
+ * byte word.  This would be true in the proposed future index
+ * format as idx_signature would be greater than idx_version.
+ */
+#define PACK_IDX_SIGNATURE 0xff744f63	/* "\377tOc" */
+
+/*
+ * Packed object index header
+ */
+struct pack_idx_header {
+	uint32_t idx_signature;
+	uint32_t idx_version;
+};
+
+
 extern int verify_pack(struct packed_git *, int);
 #endif
diff --git a/sha1_file.c b/sha1_file.c
index 09456d2..927ac06 100644
--- a/sha1_file.c
+++ b/sha1_file.c
@@ -402,15 +402,15 @@ static int pack_used_ctr;
 static unsigned long pack_mapped;
 struct packed_git *packed_git;
 
-static int check_packed_git_idx(const char *path, unsigned long *idx_size_,
-				void **idx_map_)
+static int check_packed_git_idx(const char *path,  struct packed_git *p)
 {
 	void *idx_map;
-	unsigned int *index;
+	struct pack_idx_header *hdr;
 	unsigned long idx_size;
-	int nr, i;
+	unsigned int version, nr, i, *index;
 	int fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
 	struct stat st;
+
 	if (fd < 0)
 		return -1;
 	if (fstat(fd, &st)) {
@@ -423,14 +423,23 @@ static int check_packed_git_idx(const char *path, unsigned long *idx_size_,
 	if (idx_map == MAP_FAILED)
 		return -1;
 
-	index = idx_map;
-	*idx_map_ = idx_map;
-	*idx_size_ = idx_size;
+	hdr = idx_map;
+	if (hdr->idx_signature == htonl(PACK_IDX_SIGNATURE)) {
+		version = ntohl(hdr->idx_version);
+		if (version < 2 || version > 2) {
+			munmap(idx_map, idx_size);
+			return error("index file %s is version %d"
+				     " and is not supported by this binary"
+				     " (try upgrading GIT to a newer version)",
+				     path, version);
+		}
+	} else
+		version = 1;
 
-	/* check index map */
-	if (idx_size < 4*256 + 20 + 20)
-		return error("index file too small");
 	nr = 0;
+	index = idx_map;
+	if (version > 1)
+		index += 2;  /* skip index header */
 	for (i = 0; i < 256; i++) {
 		unsigned int n = ntohl(index[i]);
 		if (n < nr)
@@ -438,16 +447,50 @@ static int check_packed_git_idx(const char *path, unsigned long *idx_size_,
 		nr = n;
 	}
 
-	/*
-	 * Total size:
-	 *  - 256 index entries 4 bytes each
-	 *  - 24-byte entries * nr (20-byte sha1 + 4-byte offset)
-	 *  - 20-byte SHA1 of the packfile
-	 *  - 20-byte SHA1 file checksum
-	 */
-	if (idx_size != 4*256 + nr * 24 + 20 + 20)
-		return error("wrong index file size");
+	if (version == 1) {
+		/*
+		 * Total size:
+		 *  - 256 index entries 4 bytes each
+		 *  - 24-byte entries * nr (20-byte sha1 + 4-byte offset)
+		 *  - 20-byte SHA1 of the packfile
+		 *  - 20-byte SHA1 file checksum
+		 */
+		if (idx_size != 4*256 + nr * 24 + 20 + 20) {
+			munmap(idx_map, idx_size);
+			return error("wrong index file size in %s", path);
+		}
+	} else if (version == 2) {
+		/*
+		 * Minimum size:
+		 *  - 8 bytes of header
+		 *  - 256 index entries 4 bytes each
+		 *  - 20-byte sha1 entry * nr
+		 *  - 4-byte crc entry * nr
+		 *  - 4-byte offset entry * nr
+		 *  - 20-byte SHA1 of the packfile
+		 *  - 20-byte SHA1 file checksum
+		 * And after the 4-byte offset table might be a
+		 * variable sized table containing 8-byte entries
+		 * for offsets larger than 2^31.
+		 */
+		unsigned long min_size = 8 + 4*256 + nr*(20 + 4 + 4) + 20 + 20;
+		if (idx_size < min_size || idx_size > min_size + (nr - 1)*8) {
+			munmap(idx_map, idx_size);
+			return error("wrong index file size in %s", path);
+		}
+		if (idx_size != min_size) {
+			/* make sure we can deal with large pack offsets */
+			if (sizeof(unsigned long) <= 4) {
+				munmap(idx_map, idx_size);
+				return error("pack %s too large -- please upgrade your git version", path);
+			}
+		}
+	}
 
+	p->index_version = version;
+	p->index_data = idx_map;
+	p->index_size = idx_size;
+	p->num_objects = nr;
 	return 0;
 }
 
@@ -521,7 +564,7 @@ int use_packed_git(struct packed_git *p)
 		/* Check if the pack file matches with the index file.
 		 * this is cheap.
 		 */
-		if (hashcmp((unsigned char *)(p->index_base) +
+		if (hashcmp((unsigned char *)(p->index_data) +
 			    p->index_size - 40,
 			    (unsigned char *)p->pack_base +
 			    p->pack_size - 20)) {
@@ -536,35 +579,34 @@ int use_packed_git(struct packed_git *p)
 struct packed_git *add_packed_git(char *path, int path_len, int local)
 {
 	struct stat st;
-	struct packed_git *p;
-	unsigned long idx_size;
-	void *idx_map;
-	unsigned char sha1[20];
+	struct packed_git *p = xmalloc(sizeof(*p) + path_len + 2);
 
-	if (check_packed_git_idx(path, &idx_size, &idx_map))
+	/*
+	 * Make sure a corresponding .pack file exists and that
+	 * the index looks sane.
+	 */
+	path_len -= strlen(".idx");
+	if (path_len < 1)
 		return NULL;
-
-	/* do we have a corresponding .pack file? */
-	strcpy(path + path_len - 4, ".pack");
-	if (stat(path, &st) || !S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
-		munmap(idx_map, idx_size);
+	memcpy(p->pack_name, path, path_len);
+	strcpy(p->pack_name + path_len, ".pack");
+	if (stat(p->pack_name, &st) || !S_ISREG(st.st_mode) ||
+	    check_packed_git_idx(path, p)) {
+		free(p);
 		return NULL;
 	}
+
 	/* ok, it looks sane as far as we can check without
 	 * actually mapping the pack file.
 	 */
-	p = xmalloc(sizeof(*p) + path_len + 2);
-	strcpy(p->pack_name, path);
-	p->index_size = idx_size;
 	p->pack_size = st.st_size;
-	p->index_base = idx_map;
 	p->next = NULL;
 	p->pack_base = NULL;
 	p->pack_last_used = 0;
 	p->pack_use_cnt = 0;
 	p->pack_local = local;
-	if ((path_len > 44) && !get_sha1_hex(path + path_len - 44, sha1))
-		hashcpy(p->sha1, sha1);
+	if (path_len < 40 || get_sha1_hex(path + path_len - 40, p->sha1))
+		hashclr(p->sha1);
 	return p;
 }
 
@@ -574,23 +616,19 @@ struct packed_git *parse_pack_index(unsigned char *sha1)
 	return parse_pack_index_file(sha1, path);
 }
 
-struct packed_git *parse_pack_index_file(const unsigned char *sha1, char *idx_path)
+struct packed_git *parse_pack_index_file(const unsigned char *sha1,
+					 const char *idx_path)
 {
-	struct packed_git *p;
-	unsigned long idx_size;
-	void *idx_map;
-	char *path;
+	const char *path = sha1_pack_name(sha1);
+	struct packed_git *p = xmalloc(sizeof(*p) + strlen(path) + 2);
 
-	if (check_packed_git_idx(idx_path, &idx_size, &idx_map))
+	if (check_packed_git_idx(idx_path, p)) {
+		free(p);
 		return NULL;
+	}
 
-	path = sha1_pack_name(sha1);
-
-	p = xmalloc(sizeof(*p) + strlen(path) + 2);
 	strcpy(p->pack_name, path);
-	p->index_size = idx_size;
 	p->pack_size = 0;
-	p->index_base = idx_map;
 	p->next = NULL;
 	p->pack_base = NULL;
 	p->pack_last_used = 0;
@@ -1166,35 +1204,60 @@ void *unpack_entry_gently(struct packed_git *p, unsigned long offset,
 	}
 }
 
-int num_packed_objects(const struct packed_git *p)
+const unsigned char *nth_packed_object_sha1(const struct packed_git *p,
+					    unsigned int n)
 {
-	/* See check_packed_git_idx() */
-	return (p->index_size - 20 - 20 - 4*256) / 24;
+	const unsigned char *index = p->index_data;
+	if (n >= p->num_objects)
+		return NULL;
+	index += 4 * 256;
+	if (p->index_version == 1) {
+		return index + 24 * n + 4;
+	} else {
+		index += 8;
+		return index + 20 * n;
+	}
 }
 
-int nth_packed_object_sha1(const struct packed_git *p, int n,
-			   unsigned char* sha1)
-{
-	void *index = p->index_base + 256;
-	if (n < 0 || num_packed_objects(p) <= n)
-		return -1;
-	hashcpy(sha1, (unsigned char *) index + (24 * n) + 4);
-	return 0;
+static off_t nth_packed_object_offset(const struct packed_git *p, uint32_t n)
+{
+	const unsigned char *index = p->index_data;
+	index += 4 * 256;
+	if (p->index_version == 1) {
+		return ntohl(*((uint32_t *)(index + 24 * n)));
+	} else {
+		uint32_t off;
+		index += 8 + p->num_objects * (20 + 4);
+		off = ntohl(*((uint32_t *)(index + 4 * n)));
+		if (!(off & 0x80000000))
+			return off;
+		index += p->num_objects * 4 + (off & 0x7fffffff) * 8;
+		return (((uint64_t)ntohl(*((uint32_t *)(index + 0)))) << 32) |
+				   ntohl(*((uint32_t *)(index + 4)));
+	}
 }
 
 unsigned long find_pack_entry_one(const unsigned char *sha1,
 				  struct packed_git *p)
 {
-	unsigned int *level1_ofs = p->index_base;
-	int hi = ntohl(level1_ofs[*sha1]);
-	int lo = ((*sha1 == 0x0) ? 0 : ntohl(level1_ofs[*sha1 - 1]));
-	void *index = p->index_base + 256;
+	const unsigned int *level1_ofs = p->index_data;
+	const unsigned char *index = p->index_data;
+	unsigned hi, lo;
+
+	if (p->index_version > 1) {
+		level1_ofs += 2;
+		index += 8;
+	}
+	index += 4 * 256;
+	hi = ntohl(level1_ofs[*sha1]);
+	lo = ((*sha1 == 0x0) ? 0 : ntohl(level1_ofs[*sha1 - 1]));
 
 	do {
-		int mi = (lo + hi) / 2;
-		int cmp = hashcmp((unsigned char *)index + (24 * mi) + 4, sha1);
+		unsigned mi = (lo + hi) / 2;
+		unsigned x = (p->index_version > 1) ? (mi * 20) : (mi * 24 + 4);
+		int cmp = hashcmp(index + x, sha1);
 		if (!cmp)
-			return ntohl(*((unsigned int *) ((char *) index + (24 * mi))));
+			return nth_packed_object_offset(p, mi);
 		if (cmp > 0)
 			hi = mi;
 		else
diff --git a/sha1_name.c b/sha1_name.c
index 6d7cd78..be9be52 100644
--- a/sha1_name.c
+++ b/sha1_name.c
@@ -71,19 +71,19 @@ static int match_sha(unsigned len, const unsigned char *a, const unsigned char *
 static int find_short_packed_object(int len, const unsigned char *match, unsigned char *sha1)
 {
 	struct packed_git *p;
-	unsigned char found_sha1[20];
+	const unsigned char *found_sha1 = NULL;
 	int found = 0;
 
 	prepare_packed_git();
 	for (p = packed_git; p && found < 2; p = p->next) {
-		unsigned num = num_packed_objects(p);
+		unsigned num = p->num_objects;
 		unsigned first = 0, last = num;
 		while (first < last) {
 			unsigned mid = (first + last) / 2;
-			unsigned char now[20];
+			const unsigned char *now;
 			int cmp;
 
-			nth_packed_object_sha1(p, mid, now);
+			now = nth_packed_object_sha1(p, mid);
 			cmp = hashcmp(match, now);
 			if (!cmp) {
 				first = mid;
@@ -96,14 +96,14 @@ static int find_short_packed_object(int len, const unsigned char *match, unsigne
 			last = mid;
 		}
 		if (first < num) {
-			unsigned char now[20], next[20];
-			nth_packed_object_sha1(p, first, now);
+			const unsigned char *now, *next;
+		       now = nth_packed_object_sha1(p, first);
 			if (match_sha(len, match, now)) {
-				if (nth_packed_object_sha1(p, first+1, next) ||
-				    !match_sha(len, match, next)) {
+				next = nth_packed_object_sha1(p, first+1);
+			       if (!next|| !match_sha(len, match, next)) {
 					/* unique within this pack */
 					if (!found) {
-						hashcpy(found_sha1, now);
+						found_sha1 = now;
 						found++;
 					}
 					else if (hashcmp(found_sha1, now)) {

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