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Bug#76868: marked as done ([PENDING AMENDMENT 2001-02-27] invoke-rc.d interface to invoke initscripts)

Your message dated Sat, 31 Aug 2002 18:30:01 -0500
with message-id <871y8e1u9y.fsf@glaurung.green-gryphon.com>
and subject line This has been fixed in the latest debian-policy upload
has caused the attached Bug report to be marked as done.

This means that you claim that the problem has been dealt with.
If this is not the case it is now your responsibility to reopen the
Bug report if necessary, and/or fix the problem forthwith.

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Date: Sun, 12 Nov 2000 14:36:24 -0200
From: Henrique M Holschuh <hmh+debianbug@rcm.org.br>
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Package: debian-policy
Severity: wishlist

Hash: SHA1

This issue has been discussed in both debian-devel and debian-policy, and
all threads seem to have stalled. Therefore, I am submitting it to the BTS.

Should this proposal be accepted, manpages for invoke-rc.d will be written.
Also, compatibility scripts for file-rc will be written (by me, if nobody
else objects).

Attached are also the interface description for invoke-rc.d and policy-rc.d,
and a sample implementation of invoke-rc.d for sysvinit (not file-rc).

- -- System Information
Debian Release: woody
Architecture: i386
Kernel: Linux godzillah.rivendell.sol 2.2.17 #1 Wed Sep 6 17:08:58 BRT 2000 i586

Versions of packages debian-policy depends on:
ii  fileutils                     4.0.31-1   GNU file management utilities.    

- -- 
  "One disk to rule them all, One disk to find them. One disk to bring
  them all and in the darkness grind them. In the Land of Redmond
  where the shadows lie." -- The Silicon Valley Tarot
  Henrique Holschuh
Version: GnuPG v1.0.4 (GNU/Linux)
Comment: For info see http://www.gnupg.org


Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
Content-Description: policy proposal
Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="policy.diff"

--- policy.text.orig	Fri Nov  3 11:52:27 2000
+++ policy.text	Mon Nov  6 17:25:08 2000
@@ -1041,7 +1041,12 @@
           stop the service,
-          stop and restart the service,
+          stop and restart the service (note that the service may be
+          started even if it was not running before),
+     `restart-if-running'
+          stop the service, and if the service was running before being
+          stopped by restart-if-running, restart it,
           cause the configuration of the service to be reloaded without
@@ -1052,8 +1057,8 @@
           this, otherwise restart the service.
      The `start', `stop', `restart', and `force-reload' options should be
-     supported by all scripts in `/etc/init.d', the `reload' option is
-     optional.
+     supported by all scripts in `/etc/init.d', the `reload' and 
+     `restart-if-running' options are optional.
      The `init.d' scripts should ensure that they will behave sensibly if
      invoked with `start' when the service is already running, or with
@@ -1076,8 +1081,19 @@
             test -f <program-executed-later-in-script> || exit 0
-3.3.3. Managing the links
+3.3.3. Interfacing with the initscript system
+     Maintainers should use the abstraction layer provided by the
+     `update-rc.d' and `invoke-rc.d' programs to deal with initscripts in
+     their packages' scripts such as `postinst', 'prerm' and `postrm'.
+     Directly managing the /etc/rc?.d links and directly invoking the
+     /etc/init.d/ initscripts should be done only by packages providing the
+     initscript subsystem (such as `sysvinit' and `file-rc').
+ Managing the links
      The program `update-rc.d' is provided to make it easier for package
      maintainers to arrange for the proper creation and removal of
@@ -1118,6 +1134,48 @@
      For more information about using `update-rc.d', please consult its
      manpage update-rc.d(8).
+ Running initscripts
+     The program `invoke-rc.d' is provided to make it easier for package
+     maintainers to properly invoke an initscript, obeying runlevel and
+     other locally-defined constrains that might limit a package's right to
+     start, stop and otherwise manage services. This program may be used by
+     maintainers in their packages' scripts.
+     The use of `invoke-rc.d' to invoke the `/etc/init.d/*' initscripts
+     is strongly recommended[1], instead of calling them directly. 
+     Footnote [1] In the future, the use of invoke-rc.d to invoke
+     initscripts shall be made mandatory. Maintainers are advised to
+     switch to invoke-rc.d as soon as possible.
+     By default, `invoke-rc.d' will pass any action requests (start, stop,
+     reload, restart...) to the /etc/init.d script, filtering out requests
+     to start a service out of its intended runlevels as defined by
+     `update-rc.d' and the system administrator. Also, requests to restart a
+     service out of its intended runlevels are changed to a
+     restart-if-running request.
+     Most packages will simply need to change:
+	  /etc/init.d/<package> <action>
+     in their `postinst' and `prerm' scripts to:
+          if [ -x /usr/sbin/invoke-rc.d ] ; then
+             invoke-rc.d <package> <action>
+          else
+             /etc/init.d/<package> <action>
+          fi
+     A package should register its initscript services using `update-rc.d'
+     before it tries to invoke them using `invoke-rc.d'. Invocation of
+     unregistered services may fail.
+     For more information about using `invoke-rc.d', please consult its
+     manpage invoke-rc.d(8).
 3.3.4. Boot-time initialization

Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
Content-Description: intarface spec for invoke-rc.d/policy-rc.d
Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="invokercd-interface.txt"

The interface for all implementations of invoke-rc.d is mandated by the base
implementation in the sysvinit package, just like it is done for

There is a provision for a "local initscript policy layer" (read: a call to
/usr/sbin/policy-rc.d if this executable is present in the local system),
which allows the local system administrator to control the behaviour of
invoke-rc.d for every initscript id and action. It is assumed that this
script is OPTIONAL and will by written and provided by packages other than
the initscript system (sysvinit and file-rc packages).

The basic interface for all implementations of policy-rc.d is mandated by
the requirements of the base implementation of invoke-rc.d. This interface
will be described either in the manpage of invoke-rc.d, or in a text file
stored in /usr/share/doc/sysvinit/ by package sysvinit (which will host the
base implementation of invoke-rc.d).

Proposed script interfaces (to be rewritten as manpages):

invoke-rc.d [options] <basename> <action> [extra initscript parameters...]

  basename - Initscript ID, as per update-rc.d(8)
  action   - Initscript action. Known actions are:
                start, [force-]stop, restart[-if-running],
                [force-]reload, status
  (status is there because of the LSB. Debian does not use it).

  extra initscript parameters: These parameters are passed to the initscript
  as is, after the action parameter. <action> is always the first paramenter
  to the initscript, and may be modified by fallback actions or policy-rc.d
  requests. Note, however, that the extra parameters are not dropped or
  modified even if the action (first parameter) is modified.


     Quiet mode, no error messages are generated by invoke-rc.d; policy-rc.d
     is also called with --quiet if this option is in effect.

     Try to run init script regardless of policy and non-fatal errors. Use
     of this option in automated scripts is severely discouraged as it
     bypasses integrity checks. If the initscript cannot be executed, error
     status 102 is returned. Do note that the policy layer call
     (policy-rc.d) is NOT skipped, although its results are ignored.

     Try to run the initscript even if a non-fatal subsystem error is
     detected (e.g: bad rc.d symlinks). A 102 status exit code will result
     if init script fails to execute anyway). Unlike --force, policy is
     still enforced with --try-anyway.

     Return status code 101 instead of status code 0 if initscript action is
     denied by local policy rules or runlevel constrains.

     Returns one of status codes 100-106, does not execute the init.d
     script. Implies --disclose-deny and --nofallback.  Status codes 104-106
     are only generated by this option.

     Note many messages are still sent to stderr in --query mode, including
     those regarding policy overrides and subsystem errors. Use --quiet if
     silent --query operation is desired.

     The policy layer (policy-rc.d) may return fallback actions to be run
     instead of the requested action. If this option is active, a fallback
     action request will be ignored and a "action not allowed" reply used in
     its place. This is probably a BAD idea unless you know exactly what
     you're doing.

     Outputs help message to stdout

Unknown actions generate warnings, but are passed to the underlying
initscript anyway. The reason for the warning is simple: It is very unlikely
that an unknown action (by invoke-rc.d) will be known to the policy layer
(policy-rc.d), and therefore it may cause an initscript to execute an action
which the local system administrator would have not allowed (but cannot
forbid without editing the initscript).

Should an initscript be executed, invoke-rc.d ALWAYS returns the status code
returned by the initscript. Initscripts should not return status codes in
the 100+ range (I didn't add this to the policy diff because the LSB will
cause us to add it later anyway).

Exit status codes (LSB compatible):
  0      : success 
	   either the init script was run and returned exit status 0 (note
	   that a fallback action may have been run instead of the one given
	   in the command line), or it was not run because of runlevel/local
	   policy constrains and --disclose-deny is not in effect.
  1 - 99 : reserved for init.d script
 100     : init script ID (basename) unknown
	   init script not registered sucessfully through 
	   update-rc.d or init script does not exist.
	   This error is fatal for most initscript systems.
 101     : action not allowed
	   requested action will not be performed because of 
	   runlevel or local policy constrains, and 
	   --disclose-deny is in effect. Note that a fallback
	   action is NOT considered "action not allowed",
	   unless --nofalback is in effect.
 102	 : subsystem error
	   initscript (or policy) subsystem malfuncion.
	   (e.g. broken /sbin/runlevel).
	   Also, forced initscript execution due to 
	   --try-anyway or --force failed.
 103	 : syntax error
 104	 : action allowed
	   --query is in effect; init script would be run if
	   not for --query.
 105	 : behaviour uncertain
	   cannot determine if action should be carried out or 
	   not, and --query in effect.
 106     : fallback action requested
	   the policy layer denied the requested action, and
	   supplied an allowed fallback action.

Policy layer (policy-rc.d) interface (rev 2):

  o Fallback now may return more than one action to
    be tried one-at-a-time.

Most Debian systems will not have this script as the need for a policy layer
is not very common. Most people using chroot jails just need a one-line
script which returns an exit status of 101 as the jailed
/usr/sbin/policy-rc.d script.

The /usr/sbin/policy-rc.d file *must* be managed through the alternatives
system (/usr/sbin/update-alternatives).

/usr/sbin/policy-rc.d [options] <initscript ID> <actions> [<runlevel>]
/usr/sbin/policy-rc.d [options] --list <initscript ID> [<runlevel> ...]

     no error messages are generated.

     instead of verifying policy, list (in a "human parseable" way) all
     policies defined for the given initscript id (for all runlevels if no
     runlevels are specified; otherwise, list it only for the runlevels
     specified), as well as all known actions and their fallbacks for the
     given initscript id (note that actions and fallback actions might be
     global and not particular to a single initscript id).

<actions> is a space-separated list of actions (usually only one). Note that
the list is passed in a single parameter and not as multiple parameters!

The following actions are always known (even if specifying a policy for them
is not supported by whatever policy-rc.d system is in use): start,
[force-]stop, restart[-if-running], [force-]reload, status.

The runlevel parameters are optional. If a runlevel is not specified, it is
considered to be unknown/undefined. Note that for sysv-like initscript
systems, an undefined runlevel is very likely to cause a 105 exit status.

A runlevel for update-rc.d is defined as a character string, of which the
usual INIT one-character runlevels are only a subset. It may contain
embedded blanks.

 stdout is used to output a single line containing fallback actions,
	   or to output --list results.
 stderr is used to output error messages
 stdin  is not to be used, this is not an interactive interface.

 Exit status codes:
  0 - action allowed
  1 - unknown action (therefore, undefined policy)
 100 - unknown initscript id
 101 - action forbidden by policy
 102 - subsystem error
 103 - syntax error
 104 - [reserved]
 105 - behaviour uncertain, policy undefined.
 106 - action not allowed. Use the returned fallback actions
       (which are implied to be "allowed") instead. 

When in doubt (policy-rc.d returned status 105 or status 1), invoke-rc.d
will assume an action is allowed, but it will warn the user of the problem.

Returning fallback information:

Fallback actions are returned in the first line sent to stdout (other lines
will be discarded). Multiple actions to be tried are allowed, and must be
space-separated. Multiple actions are carried out one at a time, until one
is sucessful.

e.g.: returning status 106 and "restart-if-running stop" in stdout (without
the quotes) will cause invoke-rc.d to attempt action "restart-if-running",
and then only if "restart-if-running" failed, attempt action "stop".

invoke-rc.d built-in policy rules:

To shield policy-rc.d of the underlying initscript system (file-rc, links in
/etc/rc?.d or something else), invoke-rc.d implements the following built-in

  1. action "start" out of runlevel is denied;
  2. action "restart" out of runlevel fallbacks to "restart-if-running";
  3. any action for a non-executable initscript is denied.

policy-rc.d is called with an action of "restart-if-running" if rule 2 is in
effect. The other built-in rules are not overridable.

Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="invoke-rc.d"

# invoke-rc.d.sysvinit - Executes initscript actions
# $Id: invoke-rc.d,v 1.8 2000/11/06 19:34:04 hmh Exp $
# SysVinit /etc/rc?.d version for Debian's sysvinit package
# invoke-rc.d.sysvinit - Executes initscript actions
# Copyright (C) 2000 Henrique de Moraes Holschuh <hmh@rcm.org.br>
# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
# under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
# Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
# any later version.
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
# WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
# or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
# for more details.
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
# with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59
# Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA

# Constants

# Options

# Shell options
set +e

dohelp () {
 # outputs help and usage
cat <<EOF

invoke-rc.d, Debian/SysVinit (/etc/rc?.d) initscript subsystem.
Copyright (c) 2000 Henrique de Moraes Holschuh

  invoke-rc.d [options] <basename> <action> [extra parameters]

  basename - Initscript ID, as per update-rc.d(8)
  action   - Initscript action. Known actions are:
                start, [force-]stop, restart[-if-running],
                [force-]reload, status
  WARNING: not all initscripts implement all of the above actions.

  extra parameters are passed as is to the initscript, following 
  the action (first initscript parameter).

     Quiet mode, no error messages are generated.
     Try to run the initscript regardless of policy and subsystem
     non-fatal errors.
     Try to run init script even if a non-fatal error is found.
     Return status code 101 instead of status code 0 if
     initscript action is denied by local policy rules or
     runlevel constrains.
     Returns one of status codes 100-106, does not run
     the initscript. Implies --disclose-deny and --no-fallback.
     Ignores any fallback action requests by the policy layer.
     Warning: this is usually a very *bad* idea for any actions
     other than "start".
     Outputs help message to stdout


printerror () {
 # prints an error message
 #  $* - error message
if test x${BEQUIET} = x ; then
    echo `basename $0`: "$*" >&2

formataction () {
 # formats a list in $* into $printaction
 # for human-friendly printing to stderr
 # and sets $naction to action or actions
printaction=`echo $* | sed 's/ /, /g'`
if test $# -eq 1 ; then

querypolicy () {
 # queries policy database
 # returns: $RC = 104 - ok, run
 #          $RC = 101 - ok, do not run
 #        other - exit with status $RC, maybe run if $RETRY
if test "x${POLICYHELPER}" != x -a -x "${POLICYHELPER}" ; then
    formataction ${ACTION}
    case ${RC} in
	0)   RC=104
	1)   RC=105
	101) if test x${FORCE} != x ; then
		printerror policy-rc.d denied execution of ${printaction}.
		printerror Overriding because of --force.
    if test x${MODE} != xquery ; then
      case ${RC} in
	105) printerror policy-rc.d query returned \"behaviour undefined\",
	     printerror assuming \"${printaction}\" is allowed.
	106) formataction ${FALLBACK}
	     if test x${FORCE} = x ; then
		 if test x${NOFALLBACK} = x ; then
		     printerror executing ${naction} \"${printaction}\" instead due to policy-rc.d request.
		     printerror ignoring policy-rc.d fallback request: ${printaction}.
		 printerror ignoring policy-rc.d fallback request: ${printaction}.
    case ${RC} in
      100|101|102|103|104|105|106) ;;
      *) printerror WARNING: policy-rc.d returned unexpected error status ${RC}, 102 used instead.
    if test x${RC} = x ; then 

verifyparameter () {
 # Verifies if $1 is not null, and $# = 1
if test $# -eq 0 ; then
    printerror syntax error: invalid empty parameter
    exit 103
elif test $# -ne 1 ; then
    printerror syntax error: embedded blanks are not allowed in \"$*\"
    exit 103

##  main

## Verifies command line arguments

if test $# -eq 0 ; then
  printerror syntax error: missing required parameter, --help assumed
  exit 103

while test $# -gt 0 -a ${state} != III ; do
    case "$1" in
      --help)   dohelp 
		exit 0
      --quiet)  BEQUIET=--quiet
      --force)  FORCE=yes
      --query)  MODE=query
      --*)	printerror syntax error: unknown option \"$i\"
		exit 103
	*)      case ${state} in
		I)  verifyparameter $1
		II) verifyparameter $1

if test ${state} != III ; then
    printerror syntax error: missing required parameter
    exit 103

#NOTE: It may not be obvious, but "$@" from this point on must expand
#to the extra initscript parameters, except inside functions.

## sanity checks and just-in-case warnings.
case ${ACTION} in
	printerror action ${ACTION} is unknown, but proceeding anyway.

## Verifies if the given initscript ID is known
## For sysvinit, this error is critical
if test ! -f "${INITDPREFIX}${INITSCRIPTID}" ; then
    printerror unknown initscript, ${INITDPREFIX}${INITSCRIPTID} not found.
    exit 100

## Queries sysvinit for the current runlevel
RL=`${RUNLEVEL} | sed 's/.*\ //'`
if test ! $? ; then
    printerror "could not determine current runlevel"
    if test x${RETRY} = x ; then
	exit 102

## Handles shutdown sequences VERY safely
## i.e.: forget about policy, and do all we can to run the script.
## BTW, why the heck are we being run in a shutdown runlevel?!
if test x${RL} = x0 -o x${RL} = x6 ; then
    printerror ----------------------------------------------------
    printerror WARNING: invoke-rc.d called during shutdown sequence
    printerror enabling safe mode: initscript policy layer disabled
    printerror ----------------------------------------------------

## Verifies the existance of proper S??initscriptID and K??initscriptID 
## *links* in the proper /etc/rc?.d/ directory
verifyrclink () {
  # verifies if parameters are non-dangling symlinks
  # all parameters are verified
  while test $# -gt 0 ; do
    if test ! -L "$1" ; then
        printerror not a symlink: $1
    if test ! -f "$1" ; then
        printerror dangling symlink: $1
  if test x${doexit} != x -a x${RETRY} = x; then
     exit ${doexit}
  return 0

# we do handle multiple links per runlevel
# but we don't handle embedded blanks in link names :-(
if test x${RL} != x ; then
    SLINK=`ls -d -Q ${RCDPREFIX}${RL}.d/S[0-9][0-9]${INITSCRIPTID} 2>/dev/null | xargs`
    KLINK=`ls -d -Q ${RCDPREFIX}${RL}.d/K[0-9][0-9]${INITSCRIPTID} 2>/dev/null | xargs`
    SSLINK=`ls -d -Q ${RCDPREFIX}S.d/S[0-9][0-9]${INITSCRIPTID} 2>/dev/null | xargs`

    verifyrclink ${SLINK} ${KLINK} ${SSLINK}

testexec () {
  # returns true if any of the parameters is
  # executable (after following links)
  while test $# -gt 0 ; do
    if test -x "$1" ; then
       return 0
  return 1


### LOCAL INITSCRIPT POLICY: Enforce need of a Sxx link
### in either rcS.d or current runlevel to allow start
### or restart.
case ${ACTION} in
    if testexec ${SLINK} ; then
    elif testexec ${KLINK} ; then
    elif testexec ${SSLINK} ; then

### LOCAL INITSCRIPT POLICY: Restart is downgraded to
### restart-if-running if restart is not allowed.
if test ${ACTION} = restart -a x${RC} = x101 -a x${FORCE} = x ; then
   # be more verbose than the strictly needed to explain
   # to the user what the hell is happening.
   printerror \"restart\" of ${INITSCRIPTID} attempted out of runlevel.

   if test x${NOFALLBACK} != x ; then
       printerror fallback request to \"restart-if-running\" ignored.
       printerror using fallback \"restart-if-running\" instead of \"restart\".
       if test x${MODE} = xquery ; then

# test if /etc/init.d/initscript is actually executable
if testexec "${INITDPREFIX}${INITSCRIPTID}" ; then
    if test x${RC} = x -a x${MODE} = xquery ; then

    # call policy layer
    if test x${RC} = x104 -o x${RC} = x106 -o x${RC} = x; then
	case ${RC} in
	    *) if test x${MODE} != xquery ; then
		  printerror policy-rc.d returned error status ${RC}
		  if test x${RETRY} = x ; then
		      exit ${RC}
    ### LOCAL INITSCRIPT POLICY: non-executable initscript; deny exec.
    ### (this is common sense, actually :^P )

## Handles --query
if test x${MODE} = xquery ; then
    exit ${RC}

setechoactions () {
    if test $# -gt 1 ; then
getnextaction () {

## Executes initscript
## note that $ACTION is a space-separated list of actions
## to be attempted in order until one suceeds.
if test x${FORCE} != x -o ${RC} -eq 104 ; then
    if testexec "${INITDPREFIX}${INITSCRIPTID}" ; then
	setechoactions ${ACTION}
	while test ! -z "${ACTION}" ; do
	    getnextaction ${ACTION}
	    if test ! -z ${echoaction} ; then
		printerror executing initscript action \"${saction}\"...

	    "${INITDPREFIX}${INITSCRIPTID}" "${saction}" "$@" && exit 0

	    if test ! -z "${ACTION}" ; then
		printerror action \"${saction}\" failed, trying next action...
	printerror initscript ${INITSCRIPTID}, action \"${saction}\" failed.
	exit ${RC}
    exit 102

formataction ${ACTION}
printerror initscript ${naction} \"${printaction}\" not executed.

## Handles --disclose-deny
if test ${RC} -eq 101 -a x${RETURNFAILURE} = x ; then

exit ${RC}


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To: 20373-done@bugs.debian.org, 58355-done@bugs.debian.org,
Subject: This has been fixed in the latest debian-policy upload
From: Manoj Srivastava <srivasta@debian.org>
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Date: Sat, 31 Aug 2002 02:18:02 -0500
Source: debian-policy
Binary: debian-policy
Architecture: source all
Distribution: unstable
Urgency: low
Maintainer: Debian Policy List <debian-policy@lists.debian.org>
Changed-By: Manoj Srivastava <srivasta@debian.org>
 debian-policy - Debian Policy Manual and related documents
Closes: 47298 69311 81852 97755 100346 100472 106280 106826 109672 111025 112828 113525 114949 116134 118608 131441 134977 137521 137521 138681 139067 139820 139832 139969 140697 141307 141903 143770 144297 144411 145067 146703 146756 147554 150456 151328 152965 153704 154142 154660 155680 156546 157131
 debian-policy ( unstable; urgency=low
   * Fixed some broken hrefs in links
   * No longer use local debiandoc stuff (it's been fixed upstream)
   * Added table of contents (index.html) to policy-process.sgml, fixing
     the new error reported to bug #137521                    closes: Bug#137521
   * Fixed a couple of typos                                  closes: Bug#139832
   * Ran through the policy document looking for long instances of text in
     the <tt> tag, and changed it to <file> where appropriate. This is
     since the <file> tag can handle line breaking, but the <t> flag does
     not.                                                     closes: Bug#139820
   * Change the requirement to ask permission to make devices to merely
     requiring a notification.                                closes: Bug#106280
   * Added a build dependson docbook utils.                   closes: Bug#154660
   * Since this is being built with a newer version of debiandoc-sgml, this
     should display better with lynx.                         closes: Bug#153704
   * Add in the crypto-in-main amendment.          closes: Bug#81852, Bug#144411
   * we no longer have task packages, instead, we define tasks using a
     special field in the control file (and these should be added only
     after discussion on the mailing lists)                    closes: Bug#97755
   * Clarify wording in the section for packages providing fonts.
                                                              closes: Bug#109672
   * Fix the doc base file for policy process     closes: Bug#137521, Bug#147554
                                                              closes: Bug#146756
   * using set -e is not dubious advice. Rejecting this.      closes: Bug#139969
   * Make the directory one is building under ./debian/ be up to the
     maintainer, instead of mandating ./debian/tmp/           closes: Bug#144297
   * Add a standards version                                  closes: Bug#145067
   * Added virtual package debconf-2.0                        closes: Bug#151328
   * Added The Window Manager Specification Project support to the default
     window manager selection mechanism                       closes: Bug#155680
   * The confusion between /var/mail and /var/spool/mail seems to have been
     disambiguated.                                           closes: Bug#114949
   * Mention the new Build-Depend-Indep semantic and the new
     build-indep/build-arch rules in upgrading checklist      closes: Bug#116134
   * Made package naming rules in policy consistent. I did not eliminate
     the duplication, since I don't want to make major changes to the flow,
     since we are supposed to be re-writing policy anyway.    closes: Bug#131441
   * Clarified wording about cases where we may have concrete and virtual
     packages with the same name.                             closes: Bug#134977
   * Fixed typo 'be be'                                       closes: Bug#138681
   * Fixed typo in appendix G -- example of diversion         closes: Bug#140697
   * fix typo shlib: -> shlibs:                               closes: Bug#141903
   * Provide a link between two sections dealing with virtual packages.
                                                              closes: Bug#143770
   * Fixed xtifr's email address in the menu policy           closes: Bug#152965
   * Allow shared library names to be have a hyphen between library name
     and soversion if the library name ends in a number.      closes: Bug#100472
   * Permit some libraries to only install static libs.       closes: Bug#100346
   * Remove the debug option, add noopt           closes: Bug#157131, Bug#113525
   * provide dhcp-client virtual package.                     closes: Bug#154142
   * We do not need bits in policy that ``should not be enforced''.
                                                              closes: Bug#150456
   * We are building this with the latest debianndoc-sgml.    closes: Bug#146703
   * Finish incorporating all of the accepted changes in Bug#72335, and
     this                                         closes: Bug#141307, Bug#156546
   * Added virtual package aspell-dictionary                  closes: Bug#139067
   * Added virtual package radius-server                      closes: Bug#118608
   * Clarifying manual pages is not a policy issue.           closes: Bug#112828
   * Corrected the ldconfig handling instructions.            closes: Bug#111025
   * Not a policy issue.                                      closes: Bug#106826
   * Removed the /usr/doc/ symlink clause.          closes: Bug#47298, Bug#69311
 f0da89116b92e54347d2924dcb891bc3 792 doc optional debian-policy_3.5.7.0.dsc
 538deca6636d771319afea1405dcc196 569509 doc optional debian-policy_3.5.7.0.tar.gz
 13c3dd1a4cad18ecb08d13f7605ca9d6 595702 doc optional debian-policy_3.5.7.0_all.deb
 fc34e5d47979c1fe6bbbfae067bc25e5 93119 byhand - policy.txt.gz
 12f50e6fdbfeda37e11a4588c172b351 2137 byhand - menu-policy.txt.gz
 56b51697d5f7924c4c6f95b7e75386fb 1563 byhand - mime-policy.txt.gz
 4f02b12bef47d46284be9aedabae845a 4497 byhand - policy-process.txt.gz
 d5b675249edb9396659d5ef8c427f9dc 4400 byhand - perl-policy.txt.gz
 e84ca799d0bd503879c7332ce7010037 104301 byhand - policy.html.tar.gz
 745262ba198b4cd35549768b400ad054 2804 byhand - menu-policy.html.tar.gz
 6c9855fc81bbd236d964b00fff6b50db 2163 byhand - mime-policy.html.tar.gz
 1936adb9629913a178c5977101073df8 5200 byhand - policy-process.html.tar.gz
 ad20fd4399f0cf475919d2c47bac9f69 5804 byhand - perl-policy.html.tar.gz
 57bfae059e907807da5ca6978bef12f3 6104 byhand - debconf_specification.txt.gz
 2b6ac31aefc3ed74bad716b3fb2eb60f 30171 byhand - debconf_specification.html
 3ed7aa5a489834b24bb28ff377a34aa9 10982 byhand - libc6-migration.txt
 754f5c28f50298c94d96ee39aa3a0026 9170 byhand - virtual-package-names-list.txt
 445f783dd5d3d56e23c32974889f7d69 175739 byhand - policy.ps.gz
 7a4d94570f1cb1f7f99c68e42fef5bdf 411899 byhand - policy.pdf.gz
 540f308e7fac7ec81f2c065f6a0aabc3 17344 byhand - upgrading-checklist.txt
 93679f707ec4cbc94b6f667afb1f2600 34997 byhand - fhs-2.1.html.tar.gz
 4beb6c43e8a0845e619e798b5516d217 103024 byhand - fhs.txt

Version: GnuPG v1.0.7 (GNU/Linux)


 ... The neutron bomb is a nuclear device that kills people without
 destroying buildings.  Many people feel this is inhumane; they much
 prefer the old- fashioned humane-type nuclear devices that kill
 people *and* destroy buildings.  Western Europe's reaction to the
 neutron bomb has been mixed: most buildings are for it, and most
 people are against it, on the grounds that it might kill them.
 They're always wallowing in sentiment, those Western Europeans. Dave
 Barry, _Bad Habits_
Manoj Srivastava   <srivasta@debian.org>  <http://www.debian.org/%7Esrivasta/>
1024R/C7261095 print CB D9 F4 12 68 07 E4 05  CC 2D 27 12 1D F5 E8 6E
1024D/BF24424C print 4966 F272 D093 B493 410B  924B 21BA DABB BF24 424C

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