DRAFT summary of the CC-by, feedback requested
- To: email@example.com
- Subject: DRAFT summary of the CC-by, feedback requested
- From: Jeremy Hankins <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Date: Sat, 03 Apr 2004 10:11:11 -0500
- Message-id: <[🔎] email@example.com>
- Mail-followup-to: firstname.lastname@example.org
- In-reply-to: <email@example.com> (Jeremy Hankins's message of "Tue, 30 Mar 2004 19:05:41 -0500")
- References: <firstname.lastname@example.org> <email@example.com> <firstname.lastname@example.org> <406481C1.email@example.com> <firstname.lastname@example.org> <email@example.com> <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Okay, it looks like discussion on this license is over, so I've written
up a draft summary for the license. Feedback, suggestions on better
wording, or on licenses to suggest to those looking at the CC-by are
welcome. And, what the hell, criticisms too. ;)
Note that I didn't give a cite (other than the DFSG faq) on problem #3.
--- Begin *DRAFT* Debian-legal summary of the CC-by ---
Debian-legal has concluded that the CC-by (Creative Commons Attribution
license) v1.0 is not a DFSG-free license.
It is likely that Creative Commons does not intend this to be a Free
license in the sense of the DFSG. However, since requiring attribution
and credit is acceptable under the DFSG this summary was written to
point out the other problems with this license.
- Credit to original author(s) must be as prominently displayed, and in
the same location, as credit to any other author. This restricts
modification (DFSG 3).
- When any Licensor asks, their name(s) must be purged from the work.
This restricts modification (DFSG 3).
- Use of the "Creative Commons" trademark (or related trademark or logo)
is apparently a license violation, and thus grounds for a copyright
holder to revoke the license. This violates the "Tentacles of Evil"
test and can remove all freedoms the license grants.
As the copyright holder you could use another license like the GPL or
2-clause BSD. These licenses are substantially different, though, so
you should take care to understand the license before you make a choice.
Any attempt to modify the license to pass the DFSG would need to address
the three issues above.
The clause mentioned in the final point above (dealing with the Creative
Commons trademark) is possibly not intended to be part of the license at
all, as when view in the original HTML with an appropriate browser it
has a different color. Making this distinction explicitly and in text
form as well as HTML would solve this problem.
NOTE: The above is not legal advice. If you need legal advice you
should contact an attorney.
The latest version of the CC-by license can be found at:
It is included in full below.
 Item 8 (c) on the DFSG FAQ:
--- End *DRAFT* Debian-legal summary of the CC-by ---
Creative Commons Legal Code
CREATIVE COMMONS CORPORATION IS NOT A LAW FIRM AND DOES NOT PROVIDE LEGAL
SERVICES. DISTRIBUTION OF THIS DRAFT LICENSE DOES NOT CREATE AN ATTORNEY-CLIENT
RELATIONSHIP. CREATIVE COMMONS PROVIDES THIS INFORMATION ON AN "AS-IS" BASIS.
CREATIVE COMMONS MAKES NO WARRANTIES REGARDING THE INFORMATION PROVIDED, AND
DISCLAIMS LIABILITY FOR DAMAGES RESULTING FROM ITS USE.
THE WORK (AS DEFINED BELOW) IS PROVIDED UNDER THE TERMS OF THIS CREATIVE
COMMONS PUBLIC LICENSE ("CCPL" OR "LICENSE"). THE WORK IS PROTECTED BY
COPYRIGHT AND/OR OTHER APPLICABLE LAW. ANY USE OF THE WORK OTHER THAN AS
AUTHORIZED UNDER THIS LICENSE IS PROHIBITED.
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a. "Collective Work" means a work, such as a periodical issue, anthology or
encyclopedia, in which the Work in its entirety in unmodified form, along
with a number of other contributions, constituting separate and independent
works in themselves, are assembled into a collective whole. A work that
constitutes a Collective Work will not be considered a Derivative Work (as
defined below) for the purposes of this License.
b. "Derivative Work" means a work based upon the Work or upon the Work and
other pre-existing works, such as a translation, musical arrangement,
dramatization, fictionalization, motion picture version, sound recording,
art reproduction, abridgment, condensation, or any other form in which the
Work may be recast, transformed, or adapted, except that a work that
constitutes a Collective Work will not be considered a Derivative Work for
the purpose of this License.
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OR REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW, THE WORK IS LICENSED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED INCLUDING,
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AND EXCEPT FOR DAMAGES ARISING FROM LIABILITY TO A THIRD PARTY RESULTING FROM
BREACH OF THE WARRANTIES IN SECTION 5, IN NO EVENT WILL LICENSOR BE LIABLE TO
YOU ON ANY LEGAL THEORY FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE OR
EXEMPLARY DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THIS LICENSE OR THE USE OF THE WORK, EVEN IF
LICENSOR HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
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upon any breach by You of the terms of this License. Individuals or
entities who have received Derivative Works or Collective Works from You
under this License, however, will not have their licenses terminated
provided such individuals or entities remain in full compliance with those
licenses. Sections 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, and 8 will survive any termination of
b. Subject to the above terms and conditions, the license granted here is
perpetual (for the duration of the applicable copyright in the Work).
Notwithstanding the above, Licensor reserves the right to release the Work
under different license terms or to stop distributing the Work at any time;
provided, however that any such election will not serve to withdraw this
License (or any other license that has been, or is required to be, granted
under the terms of this License), and this License will continue in full
force and effect unless terminated as stated above.
a. Each time You distribute or publicly digitally perform the Work or a
Collective Work, the Licensor offers to the recipient a license to the Work
on the same terms and conditions as the license granted to You under this
b. Each time You distribute or publicly digitally perform a Derivative Work,
Licensor offers to the recipient a license to the original Work on the same
terms and conditions as the license granted to You under this License.
c. If any provision of this License is invalid or unenforceable under
applicable law, it shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the
remainder of the terms of this License, and without further action by the
parties to this agreement, such provision shall be reformed to the minimum
extent necessary to make such provision valid and enforceable.
d. No term or provision of this License shall be deemed waived and no breach
consented to unless such waiver or consent shall be in writing and signed
by the party to be charged with such waiver or consent.
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respect to the Work licensed here. There are no understandings, agreements
or representations with respect to the Work not specified here. Licensor
shall not be bound by any additional provisions that may appear in any
communication from You. This License may not be modified without the mutual
written agreement of the Licensor and You.
Creative Commons is not a party to this License, and makes no warranty
whatsoever in connection with the Work. Creative Commons will not be liable to
You or any party on any legal theory for any damages whatsoever, including
without limitation any general, special, incidental or consequential damages
arising in connection to this license. Notwithstanding the foregoing two (2)
sentences, if Creative Commons has expressly identified itself as the Licensor
hereunder, it shall have all rights and obligations of Licensor.
Except for the limited purpose of indicating to the public that the Work is
licensed under the CCPL, neither party will use the trademark "Creative
Commons" or any related trademark or logo of Creative Commons without the prior
written consent of Creative Commons. Any permitted use will be in compliance
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Creative Commons may be contacted at http://creativecommons.org/.
Jeremy Hankins <email@example.com>
PGP fingerprint: 748F 4D16 538E 75D6 8333 9E10 D212 B5ED 37D0 0A03