Bug#727708: tech-ctte: Decide which init system to default to in Debian.
On Wed, 30 Oct 2013 21:50:53 -0400, Theodore Ts'o wrote:
> It's not necessarily the init script author who might want the degrees
> of freedom, but the local system administrator.
> The most basic is the idea that whether you can control (via shell
> scrpit fragments) whether or not a service should start at all, and
> what options or environments should be enabled by pasing some file.
> The fact that we can put that sort of thing in configuration files
> such as /etc/default/*, for example.
> Yes, yes, you can do this via if you use system V init scripts scripts
> in backwards compatibility mode, but you've argued that we should be
> moving briskly away from that. In which case system administrators
> will need to hand-edit the services files by hand, which will no doubt
> increase the chances of conflicts at package upgrade time, compared to
> if the configuration options were isolated away in files such as
> /etc/default/rsync (for example).
Both upstart and systemd allow you to source any file and run any script
from their .conf/.service files.
In Fedora 19:
You can source anything with "EnvironmentFile=" and run anything from
"ExecStartPre=", "ExecStart=", "ExecStartPost=".
"ExecStart=/usr/libexec/iptables/iptables.init start" where
"/usr/libexec/iptables/iptables.init" is the "/etc/rc.d/init.d/iptables"
sysvinit script of Fedora 15.
iptables also has
"/usr/libexec/initscripts/legacy-actions/iptables/save" and it runs
"exec /usr/libexec/iptables/iptables.init save".
Also, "/usr/lib/systemd/system/nfs-server.service" sources
"/etc/sysconfig/nfs" with "EnvironmentFile=/etc/sysconfig/nfs" and runs
scripts in "/usr/lib/nfs-utils/scripts/".
(It's surprising that there isn't a canonical location for custom
systemd scripts. I don't have an Arch instance on which to check, but
AFAIK its iptables.service calls a script that's in
In Ubuntu 13.10:
I would've liked to compare like for like but neither
iptables-persistent and nfs-kernel-server have upstart jobs.
Let's assume that "/etc/init/nfs-kernel-server.conf" exists and that you
want to override it.
# vi /etc/init/nfs-kernel-server.override
[ -r /home/ted/ted-nfs-kernel-server ] \
&& . /home/ted/ted-nfs-kernel-server
<either call a script or put your commands here>