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Definition of "firmware" according to google. Take your pick

Definitions of *firmware* on the Web:

Software that is embedded in a hardware device that allows reading and executing the software, but does not allow modification, e.g., writing or deleting data by an end user. (188) Note 1: An example of firmware is a computer program in a read-only memory (ROM) integrated circuit chip. A hardware configuration is usually used to represent the software. Note 2: Another example of firmware is a program embedded in an erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM) chip, which program may be modified by special external hardware, but not by an application program. www.bandwidthmarket.com/resources/glossary/F3.html <http://www.bandwidthmarket.com/resources/glossary/F3.html>

Alterable programs in semipermanent storage, e.g., some type of read-only or flash reprogrammable memory. www.lantronix.com/learning/glossary/ <http://www.lantronix.com/learning/glossary/>

Software routines stored in read-only memory (ROM). Unlike random access memory (RAM), read-only memory stays intact in the absence of electrical power. Startup routines and low-level input/output instructions are stored in firmware. See also BIOS, EFI. www.microsoft.com/hwdev/glossary.htm <http://www.microsoft.com/hwdev/glossary.htm>

Any software stored in a form of read-only memory----ROM,EPROM,or EEPROM---that maintains its contents when power is removed. The BIOS used in IBM-compatible computers is firmware. www.angelfire.com/ny3/diGi8tech/FGlossary.html <http://www.angelfire.com/ny3/diGi8tech/FGlossary.html>

Software (programs or data) that has been written onto read-only memory (ROM). Firmware is a combination of software and hardware. ROMs, PROMs and EPROMs that have data or programs recorded on them are firmware. www.5starsupport.com/info/glossary.htm <http://www.5starsupport.com/info/glossary.htm>

Software routines that are permanently written onto read-only memory
www.puredata.com/manual/backboneswiches/appendix/glossary.html <http://www.puredata.com/manual/backboneswiches/appendix/glossary.html>

A computer program or software stored permanently in PROM or ROM.
www.bbdsoft.com/glossary.html <http://www.bbdsoft.com/glossary.html>

In a CD recorder, firmware is the programming instructions contained on a ROM chip within the CD recorder which tell the recorder how to respond to commands issued by software. Some firmware is flash-upgradeable, meaning that you can upgrade the firmware by running a piece of software on the computer attached to the recorder. Other firmware is coded into non-rewriteable chip, so the entire chip must be changed in order to upgrade the firmware. How to find out what firmware you have. cdmediaworld.com/hardware/cdrom/cd_cdr_glossary.shtml <http://cdmediaworld.com/hardware/cdrom/cd_cdr_glossary.shtml>

The same as software, except it is executed from ROM, and does not disappear when the computer is turned off. Almost any software could be in ROM, except programs that modify themselves as they run. apple2history.org/history/glossary.html <http://apple2history.org/history/glossary.html>

The combination of hardware device and computer instructions and/or computer data that resides as read-only software on the hardware device. sparc.airtime.co.uk/users/wysywig/gloss.htm <http://sparc.airtime.co.uk/users/wysywig/gloss.htm>

Programs or instructions stored in a PROM. Campbell Scientific uses the term firmware to refer to the software residing on a PROM or EEPROM.
www.campbellsci.com/glossary.html <http://www.campbellsci.com/glossary.html>

A combination of a software program in hardware, such as a READ-ONLY MEMORY (ROM), or a disk that has files or software programs written on its surface. www.nuhorizons.com/Glossary/ComputerConcepts.html <http://www.nuhorizons.com/Glossary/ComputerConcepts.html>

The combination of a hardware device, e.g., an Integrated Circuit, and computer instructions and data that reside as read only software on that device. Such software can not be modified by the computer during processing. www.labcompliance.com/glossary/e-f-glossary.htm <http://www.labcompliance.com/glossary/e-f-glossary.htm>

A method of organizing control of an AIS in a microprogrammed structure in addition to, or rather than, software or hardware. Microprograms are composed of microinstructions, normally resident in read-only memory, to control the sequencing of computer circuits directly at the detailed level of the single machine instruction.
www.dss.mil/isec/appendixc.htm <http://www.dss.mil/isec/appendixc.htm>

System software stored in a device's memory that controls the device. Firmware becomes "hard software" when holding program code. Firmware is often responsible for the behaviour of a system when it is first switched on. www.amigo.net/support/nuh/glossary.phtml <http://www.amigo.net/support/nuh/glossary.phtml>

Software or instructions built-in to a computer chip, such as an EPROM (eraseable programmable read-only memory). www.zianet.com/NetDNS/webonics.html <http://www.zianet.com/NetDNS/webonics.html>

A computer program containing device-specific characteristics. If the code can be updated, it is said to be "flashable." FastSense technology A Seagate feature which optimizes backup time by allowing the tape drive to throttle its speed up or down to match the computer system's resources. This prevents "shoe-shining" or "back-hitching", i.e. the tendency for a drive to stop, rewind, and restart. FastSense also increases the life expectancy of a tape drive. rss.seagate.com/newsInfo/glossary.html <http://rss.seagate.com/newsInfo/glossary.html>

A computer program or software stored permanently in EPROM, PROM, or ROM.
www.storcase.com/terms/dictefg.asp <http://www.storcase.com/terms/dictefg.asp>

a software routine that has been stored in a read only memory and thus is available at power up without the need for reloading the code. www.geocities.com/Athens/Parthenon/6310/d1le.html <http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Parthenon/6310/d1le.html>

Programs or instructions which are stored in read-only memory.
www.pmel.org/Meteorological-Glossary.htm <http://www.pmel.org/Meteorological-Glossary.htm>

Software programmed on a non-volatile integrated circuit
www.loralskynet.com/tech_resources/glos_us.asp <http://www.loralskynet.com/tech_resources/glos_us.asp>

Application recorded in permanent or semi permanent computer memory.
www.ciao.gov/ciao_document_library/glossary/F.htm <http://www.ciao.gov/ciao_document_library/glossary/F.htm>

Software instructions stored in ROMs.
www.flw.com/define_f.htm <http://www.flw.com/define_f.htm>

The basic program of a computer or peripheral device stored in some sort of 'permanent' memory. e.g. a PC BIOS, CD-ROM drive manager. Modern firmware is often stored in updatable 'flash' memory, rather than requiring chip exchange.
www.vutrax.co.uk/vbook4.htm <http://www.vutrax.co.uk/vbook4.htm>

Software that is stored permanently, usually on a ROM chip. Firmware is hard software, or soft hardware, depending on perspective. www.gslis.utexas.edu/~netsec/gloss.html <http://www.gslis.utexas.edu/%7Enetsec/gloss.html>

(computer science) coded instructions that are stored permanently in read-only memory www.cogsci.princeton.edu/cgi-bin/webwn <http://www.cogsci.princeton.edu/cgi-bin/webwn?stage=1&word=firmware>


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