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Bug#989863: debian-installer: Firmware problems in bullseye

Package: debian-installer
Severity: important


This is an umbrella bug report that I intend to use to track at least
two separate issues (that are really the two sides of the same coin):

 - Official installation images (main-only) might lead to a successful
   installation but result in a black screen upon rebooting the
   installed system. Some of these issues are due to free drivers
   wanting or even requiring some firmware to work properly, on a
   per-device basis.

 - Unofficial installation images (shipping firmware from non-free)
   might also lead to a successful installation but result in the same
   kind of issue due to the way firmware detection is happening.

Please don't turn this bug report into a “firmware packages should have
their own section”, or “firmware packages should be in the installation
images”, etc. If you'd like to change the project's consensus on this,
please follow the appropriate process (see previous firmware GRs). I'm
not speaking for the installer team as a whole, but I would personally
be happy if we could make the life or our users easier in the current
times where escaping non-free is *very* hard. But again, I don't think
we're entitled to making this kind of decision, and that kind of thing
should be discussed with the Debian project as a whole, not here.

This bug report and follow-ups (one bug report for each of those two
issues, which will block this one) are about trying to implement
practical (even if imperfect) solutions for Debian 11.

People wanting to learn about this can refer to Lucas's tentative
summary of earlier threads on mailing lists, and to my reply:
 - https://lists.debian.org/debian-release/2021/04/msg00646.html
 - https://lists.debian.org/debian-release/2021/04/msg00711.html

Cyril Brulebois (kibi@debian.org)            <https://debamax.com/>
D-I release manager -- Release team member -- Freelance Consultant

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