Rethink about who we (Debian) are in rapid dev cycle of deep learning
The effectiveness of the privacy law depends on the context. In fact, in cases of public security or if crimes are in progress, the effectiveness of the privacy law is limited or in more serious cases not taken into consideration.
But tools such as artificial intelligence are also used to commit abuses of power (and not just by private individuals).
Unfortunately, there is no efficient preventive "defensive" strategy (and in general, preventive "defensive" strategies are never efficient).
Laws against illegal forms of control exist, however Snowden is still in Russia (and Obama was a civil rights advocate). It is a paradox, but no written law can prevent injustice.