Re: A silly question about tar
On Sat, Mar 17, 2007 at 01:23:02PM +0000, Tyler Smith wrote:
> On 2007-03-17, Douglas Allan Tutty <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
> I have, and unfortunately it doesn't work. The result is the same as
> the original problem with the regular * expansion:
> tyler:tar-> find ./ -name '*.tar.gz' | xargs echo
> ../one.tar.gz ./three.tar.gz ./two.tar.gz
> replace echo with tar, and you see that tar is going to try and
> extract the second and third archives from within the first archive,
> which fails. I think you have to use some sort of loop, as other
> posters have suggested.
Make a directory to work in and change to it.
Make three files with the following contents:
file: Contents (one line with a trailing newline):
first.txt first file
second.txt second file
third.txt third file
$ ls -1 *.txt
$ls -1 *.txt | xargs
first.txt second.txt third.txt
# which makes sense since if you say:
$ echo first.txt
But what you want as a test is a command that process its input as a
file not a string (like echo). Try cat:
$ cat first.txt
$ls -1 | xargs -L 1 cat
However, since cat will process more than one file, we don't know what
really is happening but the -L 1 should make xargs make a new comand
line for each line of input which is why I used ls -1.
I tarred this test directory up into a tarball called first.tar.gz.
I created a similar second set of files fourth.txt fifth.txt sixth.txt
I created a third set seventh.txt eighth.txt and ninth.txt into
I then removed all the files so my test directory only had the three
tarballs. Within that directory I issued:
$ls -1 | xargs -L 1 tar -xf
and ended up with a test subdirectory containing all nine files.