Re: How I partitioned my harddrive
Hi Karsten, I have a perhaps stupid question with an obvious answer (but not
so evident to me):
During the installation process of a Debian system, I don't remember ever
being prompted a question asking me in what partition I wanted to install
anything except / , so I figure that this redistribution into different
partitions must be done after the whole installation script runs. Do you
accomplish this by moving, or by creating syslinks? Or either way? Which is
----- Original Message -----
From: "Karsten M. Self" <email@example.com>
Sent: Saturday, February 01, 2003 2:50 AM
Subject: Re: How I partitioned my harddrive
> on Tue, Jan 28, 2003 at 02:32:55AM -0500, Emma Jane Hogbin
> > I'd mostly call myself a "regular user" -- although I do have a web
> > installed on my laptop it doesn't broadcast to the world...it's just me
> > the couch and the tv and occassionally the cat.
> Hmm...I'd wondered where he'd gone....
> > I believe I came up with these numbers from a Red Hat book, although
> > many people have included their disk partition sizes on their web
> > sites.
> Myself included:
> Note that partitioning is a pretty subjective issue. You can pretty
> much have any number of partitions from one on up.
> Red Hat partitioning guidelines are almost certainly going to be biased
> in favor of a large root partition. RH seems to want a 250 MiB root for
> a 7.x install. You can do less, but it will complain. Debian uses a
> sparser root, which the old farts consider a better thing (less to go
> wrong). BSDers take this to an extreme.
> The argument in favor of fewer partitions is fewer decisions, less
> wasted/lost space, and easier overall management.
> The argument in favor of more partitions is more control, particularly
> selecting filesystems and/or mount options appropriate to the partition
> (nodev, nosuid, noexec, etc.). You're also increasing recoverability --
> filesystem corruption is generally restricted to only a single
> partition. You also have the option of shuttling data to other
> partitions while doing maintenance or recovery. And if you create a
> spare bootable partition, you've got a fallback on the system in the
> event your primary boot goes pear shaped.
> > I know only of the linux laptop site, but many of the people
> > who've contributed info have included disk partition information:
> > http://www.linux-laptop.net/
> > Here's mine:
> > emmajane@debian:~$ df -h (-h = human readable sizes)
> > Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
> > /dev/hda2 464M 28M 412M 7% /
> Note that you're only using 7% of this partition. That's a good 350 MiB
> > /dev/hda3 4.6G 2.1G 2.4G 47% /home
> Healthy. I generally give /home the remainder of space after allocating
> to all else.
> > /dev/hda5 2.3G 1.3G 901M 60% /usr
> > /dev/hda6 464M 108M 333M 25% /var
> I tend to recommend 750 MiB - 1 GiB. You've split out /var/cache
> > /dev/hda7 2.8G 46M 2.6G 2% /usr/local
> My experience is that /usr/local tends not to get used that much on
> Debian. Something about having 12k available packages all of which go
> to /usr....
> > /dev/hda9 46M 13M 31M 30% /tmp
> Good, possibly a bit thin. I tend to give 64-256MB to /tmp
> > /dev/hda10 2.3G 334M 1.9G 15% /var/cache
> Hmm. Frankly, I'd lose this. If you can, roll the space back into /var
> and /home. parted may be able to resize your partitions.
> > So today I filled up /var. Based on some great advice that got here I
> > decided to find the largest subdirectory and make a new partition just
> > for that directory. This freed up a good chunk of space (75% of the
> > partition) to be shared in the other sub-directories. A number of
> > people recommended cleaning out /var...464M isn't a lot to begin with.
> > I have virtually no logs and no mail. As you can see, there wasn't a
> > lot to clean out:
> > debian:/home/emmajane# du --max-depth=1 -h /var
> > 12K /var/lost+found
> > 75M /var/lib
> > 334M /var/cache
> > 2.8M /var/backups
> > 1.0K /var/local
> > 1.0K /var/lock
> > 21M /var/log
> > 40K /var/run
> > 9.9M /var/spool
> > 10K /var/tmp
> > 1.0K /var/opt
> > 1.0K /var/mail
> > 10K /var/www
> > 441M /var
> > (Note that the size of /var/cache is approximately the same size as
> > /dev/hda10 from above? This is because I moved /var/cache into that
> > partition but du reads it as if it were all the same...I think.)
> du reads the directories _in_ the directory you point it at. If you
> want to keep it on one filesystem, use the '-x' option.
> <good stuff snipped>
> IMO your end results are still a bit imbalanced. Not a huge deal, but
> keep it in mind as you go through this process again.
> 1. One partition assumes either no swap, or use of a swapfile.
> Karsten M. Self <firstname.lastname@example.org>
> What Part of "Gestalt" don't you understand?
> At the sound of the toner, boycott Lexmark: trade restraint via DMCA.
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