Re: argh! aptitude/dselect/apt-get dieing????
Very nice writeup.
Question, what if you want foo from unstable and it requires a version
of bar in unstable but your existing bar is from testing? What if bar
isn't installed at all and the requirement is going to install it? Will
apt do the right thing at this point?
Thus spake Nathan E Norman (email@example.com):
> Date: Thu, 14 Nov 2002 15:13:58 -0600
> From: Nathan E Norman <firstname.lastname@example.org>
> To: email@example.com
> Subject: Re: argh! aptitude/dselect/apt-get dieing????
> X-Mailing-List: <firstname.lastname@example.org> archive/latest/245342
> On Thu, Nov 14, 2002 at 11:54:51AM -0600, Mark A. Bialik wrote:
> > Colin Watson wrote:
> > > This may sound callous, but those "some people" - or at least those
> > > people who *can* fix it, perhaps not trivially easily - are the only
> > > people who should be using unstable.
> > ... and there are some people who run unstable because certain packages
> > and/or versions of packages they need are only in unstable.
> > The alternative would be to run a different distribution or compile from
> > source, and we wouldn't want that, would we? :)
> I know you were being (somewhat) sarcastic, but the fact is that you
> don't have to make a black and white choice between testing and
> unstable. IOW, just because you need package foo from unstable
> doesn't mean you really want _all_ of unstable.
> Here's how:
> Edit the file /etc/apt/preferences, and make it look something like
> the following:
> Package: *
> Pin: release a=testing
> Pin-Priority: 900
> Package: *
> Pin: release a=unstable
> Pin-Priority: 110
> Obviously you need both testing and unstable in your sources.list,
> deb http://mirrors.midco.net/debian testing main non-free contrib
> deb-src http://mirrors.midco.net/debian testing main non-free contrib
> deb http://non-us.debian.org/debian-non-US testing/non-US main contrib non-free
> deb-src http://non-us.debian.org/debian-non-US testing/non-US main contrib non-free
> deb http://mirrors.midco.net/debian unstable main non-free contrib
> deb-src http://mirrors.midco.net/debian unstable main non-free contrib
> deb http://non-us.debian.org/debian-non-US unstable/non-US main contrib non-free
> deb-src http://non-us.debian.org/debian-non-US unstable/non-US main contrib non-free
> Obviosly you can use any mirror you like.
> At this point, "apt-get install foo" will install foo from _testing_.
> If you want the unstable version, "apt-get -t unstable install foo"
> will install foo from unstable; further installs or upgrades of foo
> will continue to track unstable.
> Finally, you can install any available version (use "apt-cache showpkg
> foo" to see which versions are available) using this syntax:
> apt-get install foo=version
> where version is the preferred version.
> I hope this helps someone who is experiencing angst over unstable.
> Nathan Norman - Incanus Networking mailto:email@example.com
> I must despise the world which does not know that music is a
> higher revelation than all wisdom and philosophy.
> -- Ludwig van Beethoven
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These are MY OPINIONS ALONE. I speak for no-one else.
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