boot-floppies dselect acquisition methods
On Fri, 22 Jan 1999 09:19:35 +0000, Enrique Zanardi <email@example.com> said:
> On Thu, Jan 21, 1999 at 05:56:43PM -0700, Jason Gunthorpe wrote:
>> That was what we are talking about, they simply would not be on the
>> boot floppies but would be packaged seperately to advoid
>> confusion. Ie we have 2 cdrom methods, 2 nfs methods, 4 'disk'
>> methods, 3 ftp and 2 http !
> The base system currently includes dpkg, dpkg-mountable,
> dpkg-multicd and apt.
> dpkg provides cdrom, nfs, harddisk, mounted and floppy
> dpkg-mountable provides mountable dpkg-multicd provides multi_cd,
> multi_nfs and multi_mount
Then where do ftp, http, and ??? come from?
> I guess dpkg-mountable may be removed from the base system.
Based on current reality (i.e., I *hope* that redundant, useless
methods are removed, to lower user hesitation, confusion, and wrong
choices), and based on text from Steve McIntyre (thank you!!) I have
included below the current text about the acquisition methods from the
dselect-beginner document in the boot floppies.
Please review this text and give me hints. More information is needed!
.....Adam Di Carlo....adam@onShore.com.....<URL:http://www.onShore.com/>
Here's the access screen:
dselect - list of access methods
cdrom Install from a CD-ROM.
* multi_cd Install from a CD-ROM set.
nfs Install from an NFS server (not yet mounted).
multi_nfs Install from an NFS server (using the CD-ROM set) (not yet mounted).
harddisk Install from a hard disk partition (not yet mounted).
mounted Install from a filesystem which is already mounted.
multi_mount Install from a mounted partition with changing contents.
mountable Install from a partition named in fstab
floppy Install from a pile of floppy disks.
ftp Install using ftp.
http Install using http:, ftp:, and file: URLs.
apt APT Acquisition [file,http,ftp]
Here we tell `dselect' where our packages are. Please ignore the order
that these appear in. It is very important that you select the proper
method for installation. In the following list, we describe the
Quite large and powerful, this complex method is the recommended
way of installing a recent version of Debian from a set of
multiple binary CDs. Each of these CDs should contain a full set
of "Packages.cd" files (one for each of the archive sections) in
addition to the traditional Packages files as used by the other
methods. When you first select this method, be sure the CD-ROM
you will be using is not mounted. Place any of the set in the
drive and answer the questions you are asked:
* CD-ROM drive location
* Confirmation that you are using a multi-cd set
* The location of the Debian distribution on the disk(s)
* [ Possibly ] the location(s) of the Packages file(s)
Once you have updated the available list and selected the
packages to be installed, the multi-cd method diverges from
normal procedure. You will need to run an "install" step for each
of the CDs you have in turn. Unfortunately due to the limitations
of dselect it will not be able to prompt you for a new disk at
each stage; the way to work for each disk is
* Insert the CD in your CD-ROM drive.
* From the main dselect menu, select "Install".
* Wait until dpkg finishes installing from this CD (it may
report installation successful, or possibly installation
errors. Don't worry about these until later).
* Hit [Return] to go back to the main dselect menu.
* Repeat with the next CD in the set...
It may be neccesary to run the installation step more than once
to cover the order of package installation - some packages
installed early may need to have later packages installed before
they will configure properly.
Running a "Configure" step is recommended, to help fix any
packages that may end up in this state.
These are very similar to the multi-cd method above, and are
refinements on the theme of coping with changing media, for
example if installing off a multi-cd set exported via nfs from
another machine's CD-ROM drive.
One of the best options for installation from a local mirror of
the Debian archive, or from the network. This method uses the
``apt'' system to do complete dependancy analysis and ordering,
so it's most likely to to install packages in the optimal order.
Configuration of this method is straight-forward; you may select
any number of different locations, mixing and matching `file:'
URLs (local disks or NFS mounted disks), `http:' URLs, or `ftp:'
URLs. Note however that the HTTP and FTP options do not support
local authenticating proxies.
If you have proxy server for either http or ftp (or both), make
sure you set the `http_proxy' or `ftp_proxy' environment
variables, respectively. Set them from your shell before starting
# export http_proxy=http://gateway:3128/
You will be asked to supply the address of an ftp site, whether
you want to use passive mode (for proxied ftp), a
username/password combination, the path to the debian directory,
the list of distributions you are interested in and a place to
download the binary package files to (relative to
The setup script will then immediately attempt to connect to the
remote server to grab the Packages file(s) etc., then dselect
will reconnect later when you actually start installing packages.
If you need to work through a firewall this method should work
well, and is ideal for people without much local disk space.
Similar to ftp, but will use a mixture of `http:', `ftp:' and
`file:' URLs to find the Debian files. You can set it up to use
different proxies for `http:' and `ftp:' URLs if necessary. Very
useful if a local proxy will cache the package files for multiple
users, or if a mirror only allows http access and not ftp.
This is a simple installation method, with simple requirements:
give it the address of the NFS server, the location of the Debian
distribution on the server and (maybe) the Packages file(s). Then
dselect will install the various sections in turn from the
server. Slow but easy; does not use proper ordering, so it will
take many runs of the ``Configure'' step. Obviously only
appropriate for NFS based installation.
Caters for those people without CD-ROM or network access. Not
recommended as a viable installation option any more if you are
using traditionally-sized floppies, but may work better for
LS/120 or Zip drives. Specify the location of your floppy drive,
then feed floppies. The first one should contain the Packages
file. This method is slow and may be unreliable due to media
Supply the block device of the hard drive partition to use, and
as usual the locations of the Debian files on that partition.
Slow and easy. Does not use proper ordering, so it will take many
runs of the ``Configure'' step. Not recommended, since the
``apt'' method supports this functionality, with proper ordering.
Simply specify the location(s) of the Debian files in your
filesystem. Possibly the easiest method, but slow. Does not use
proper ordering, so it will take many runs of the ``Configure''
step. _FIXME: How is this different from harddisk?_
A more complex method than the above, and a good deal faster - it
will scan only the packages needed. It gives more control over
the installation options than some of the other methods, but
requires more setup.
Designed for single-CD installations, this simple method will ask
for the location of your CD-ROM drive, the location of the Debian
distribution on that disk and then (if necessary) the location(s)
of the Packages file(s) on the disk. Simple but quite slow. Does
not use proper ordering, so it will take many runs of the
``Configure'' step. Not recommended, because it assumes the
distribution is on a single CD-ROM, which is no longer the case.
Use the ``multi_cd'' method instead.
If you run into any problems -- maybe Linux can not see your CD-ROM,
your NFS mount is not working or you have forgotten which partition
the packages are on -- you have a couple of options:
* Start another shell. Fix the problem and then return to the main
* Quit `dselect' and run it again later. You might even need to
shut down the computer to solve some problem. This is quite ok
but when you come back to `dselect' run it as root. It will not
be run automatically after the first time.
After you choose the access method `dselect' will get you to indicate
the precise location of the packages. If you do not get this right the
first time hit _Control-C_ and return to the ``Access'' item.
Once you are through here you will be returned to the main screen.
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